Don't Fall for Fitness Myths
Get the Facts to Help You Get In Shape
Calm down. Women who lift weights don't get bulky muscles. Pain is not
necessary to achieve gain. A huge time commitment is not required for health
and fitness. And what about walking? Is walking all it's cracked up to be?
The American Council on Exercise (ACE) is helping us sort through what we've
heard about health and fitness -- the myths vs. the truth.
Make no mistake, walking gets brownie points. "If anything, walking is
probably underrated," says physiologist and ACE spokesman Richard
What's written about walking does hold water, he says. "If America began
to walk even a minimal amount -- 30 minutes a day -- it would turn around the
epidemic of heart disease and obesity."
But here are the myths:
Women who lift weights will get bulky muscles.
Women don't have enough testosterone to develop large, bulky muscles, says ACE.
Strength training will not cause women to build muscles, although steroids
Spot reducing is possible. Guess again. It's
simply not possible to "burn off" fat in one specific body part by
exercising that area, ACE states. Numerous studies have tried to refute this
claim. But only regular exercise -- aerobic and strength -- and a sensible diet
can melt body fat.
No pain, no gain. Yikes. Exercising to the point
of pain can harm you, not help. It's OK to push yourself a bit, to tax your
heart, lungs, muscles and bones -- but be reasonable. Don't risk an
If you exercise, you can eat whatever you want.
You're joking, right? A healthy diet goes hand-in-hand with a sound exercise
regimen, ACE states. For weight loss, eat more fruits and veggies, far fewer
sugary foods, and EAT LESS.
Exercise requires a hefty time commitment. As
little as 30 minutes a day works when you're in health-and-fitness maintenance
mode, and 60 minutes a day will help you lose weight.
There's a magic bullet out there. Yet another
joke. There is no quick fix, says ACE. Those nutritional supplements often use
"deceptive, misleading, or fraudulent advertising," ACE advises.
Katie Heimburger, MS, exercise physiologist in Atlanta, adds a few more
health and fitness myths to the list:
Muscle weighs more than fat. "In simple
terms, a pound of muscle weighs the same as a pound of fat," Heimburger
tells WebMD. "The difference is that muscle is much more dense than body
fat. Therefore, a pound of muscle will take up much less room in your body than
a pound of fat. Another benefit of muscle, it is significantly more vascular
[better blood supply] than body fat and will cause you to burn more calories at
rest than body fat."
Exercising at low intensity burns more fat.
"This is a particularly confusing topic for some people," says
Heimburger. "Many people have thought that lower intensity is the
fat-burning zone. But in reality, you're burning a greater percentage of total
calories -- including fat calories -- when you exercise at a higher
What puts health and fitness myths in our minds? It's those get-skinny-quick
product ads, Cotton says. "People want to know what's the easiest possible
way to get from here to there." When it comes to health and fitness,
"there's no magic bullet."