Fitness: Getting and Staying Active - Preventing Injury and Illness
Physical activity is
good for your health, but you can hurt yourself if you don't do it
right. Always keep safety in mind.
Learn about the risks of any new activity you begin. Take lessons
if you need to know how to do exercises with proper form and technique to avoid injury.
Wear clothing that is right for your activity. Wear
shoes that have good support for your feet.
Always use the safety gear that goes with
your chosen activity, like helmets and knee
pads. Learn about the proper fit of that gear.
Start an activity session routine slowly.
Then work up to your normal level.
Pay attention to pain and tiredness. They are your
body's way of telling you to slow down. Muscle soreness is common
when you try a new activity, but pain can mean you're injured. If you are very
tired, you may be doing too much too soon.
Watch out for these injuries and
illnesses as you exercise:
Overuse injuries-like tennis elbow, for example-can
happen to anyone who overuses certain joints or muscles. Doing too much too
soon, doing intense exercise, not varying your
routine, or playing sports can lead to overuse injuries. Not using
the proper form for the activity or wearing poorly fitting shoes can also cause
Overhydration during exercise is unusual,
but it is a medical emergency when it happens.
You can become overhydrated
from drinking too much fluid. This is rare, but it can happen to people who do
strenuous exercise for a long time, such as long-distance runners.