Are Artificial Sweeteners Safe?
WebMD gets the low down on artificial sweeteners on the shelves and in the pipeline.
Overdosing on Equal? continued...
Another sweetener is Cyclamate, which is a 30 times sweeter than sucrose but
as such it has the least "sweetening power" of the commercially
acceptable intense sweeteners. It was banned in the U.S. in 1970, but currently
there is a petition at the FDA for reapproval.
Dihydrochalcones (DHCs) are noncaloric sweeteners derived from bioflavonoids
of citrus fruits that are approximately 300 to 2,000 times sweeter than
Glycyrrhizin, a noncaloric extract of licorice root, is 50-100 times sweeter
than sucrose. It is approved for use in the U.S. as a flavor and flavor
Stevioside comes from leaves of a South American plant and is 300 times
sweeter than sucrose. It is currently approved for use in 10 countries,
including Japan, Paraguay, and Brazil. It can be sold in the U.S. as a dietary
Another potential sweetener is Thaumatin (TalinTM), a mixture of proteins
from a West African fruit that's approximately 2,000-3,000 times sweeter than
sucrose. In the U.S., it's approved as a flavor enhancer for beverages, jams
and jellies, condiments, milk products, yogurt, cheese, instant coffee and tea,
and chewing gum.