Energy for Sale
Energy products abound -- in drinks, herbs, bars, and some stranger forms -- goo, anyone? -- but some are better at giving you a lift, and some are bunk. Part 2 of a three-part series.
Energy Bars and Gels continued...
Yet the bars, goos, and ices are no substitute for real food. "Energy
bars are manufactured products," says Cindy Moore, MSRD, director of
nutrition therapy at The Cleveland Clinic. "What you're missing from any
kind of manufactured product are the benefits from nature -- the chemicals that
aren't vitamins or minerals, but are phytochemicals -- which are still
beneficial to our health."
Phytochemicals are natural plant compounds like carotenoids, which give
fruits and vegetables color, isoflavones from soy, and polyphenols from teas.
They have been linked to many things from killing viruses to reducing
cholesterol to improving memory.
"What I would far rather see is for someone to eat a sandwich and a
piece of fruit, instead of that PowerBar," says Moore. "It's still
something you can hold in your hand, but you're getting the whole grain from
the bread, protein from the sandwich contents -- whether that's meat or cheese
or fish -- and fiber from the whole grain and from the fruit."
Add a glass of fat-free milk, says Moore, and you will also get calcium,
vitamin D, and the minerals that are found in dairy products to strengthen
Other convenient whole food choices include yogurt, string cheese, nuts,
ready-to-eat cereal, peanut butter, toast, smoothies, and fruits such as
bananas, grapes, apples, and nectarines.
In situations where there are no choices except for junk food or fast food,
energy bars may be the more nutritious alternative, but it still doesn't
replace a meal, says Dee Sandquist, MSRD, a spokeswoman for the American
Energy products may meet the needs of the physically active. "For people
who are training and exercising on a regular basis, [energy bars and gels] can
actually be a useful food item to help them meet their higher energy
demands," says Lisa Bunce, MSRD, owner of Back to Basics Nutrition
Consultants in Redding, Conn. She says the bars and gels can be portable,
palatable, and premeasured options for some athletes. Inactive individuals, on
the other hand, will not benefit from high-calorie products.
To determine whether an energy bar, gel, or ice is right for you, consider
your body's needs. Are you physically active? Sedentary? Next, compare the
nutrient labels of different products. Pay attention to the amount of calories,
protein, carbohydrates, fiber, fats, vitamins, and minerals.