Grill for Fun, Not Food-Borne Illness
Holiday Food Safety Rests With the Chef
Food safety specialists at Kansas State University offer the
following tips for grilling burgers:
- Start with clean hands, a clean work surface; and fresh meat. Gently shape
ground beef into patties and place them on a clean plate or platter. Cover and
refrigerate the hamburger patties until ready to cook or grill.
- Defrost frozen patties on a covered plate or platter in the refrigerator.
Place the plate or platter on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator to prevent
meat juices from dripping on other fresh foods. Thaw frozen patties completely
-- partially thawed patties may not cook evenly.
- After handling raw meat, wash hands thoroughly. Clean and sanitize utensils
and work surface.
- Cook the hamburger patties over medium heat, or grill them over medium,
ash-colored coals. Grill two-inch thick patties 11-13 minutes or until the
center reaches 160( F.
- Use a long-handled spatula or grill tongs to turn burgers half way through
cooking, and do not press or flatten burgers. Doing so may force out flavorful
juices and make the hamburgers taste dry.
- Is it done yet? Use a meat thermometer to check end-point temperature.
- Use a clean spatula or grill tongs to transfer fresh-cooked hamburgers to a
clean plate or platter. Do not use the same platter or plate that was used for
raw patties unless it has been washed and sanitized.
- Refrigerate leftovers promptly; before serving, reheat completely.
Chicken, too, is likely to be a favorite this weekend.
Schaffner says between 10-20% of raw chicken will be contaminated with
salmonella, a bacterium that is widespread in the intestines of birds,
reptiles, and mammals. The illness it causes, salmonellosis, typically includes
fever, diarrhea, and stomach cramps. In people with poor underlying health or
weakened immune systems, it can invade the bloodstream and cause
As with beef, thorough cooking of chicken can prevent
contamination. But it is equally important to clean cutting boards and bowls
used to store and prepare the bird, Schaffner says.
"If you put it back into the same bowl or on the same
cutting board that was used when the chicken was raw, you can re-inoculate the
chicken, even after it has been cooked," Schaffner warns.
Chicken, or other foods, left out at room temperature or on
picnic tables for substantial periods also can be recontaminated. Hot or very
cold food is safest, but nicely in the middle -- the temperature most people
like to consume food -- can be dangerous. It's also the temperature bacteria
enjoy, Schaffner says.
"Keep things hot or cold until the last minute," he
advises. "When storing foods to cool, the trick is to use shallow
containers so the cooling will reach all parts of the vessel."
And have fun!