Talking Turkey: Get the Best From Your Bird
Experts offer tips for buying and cooking a tasty turkey
Turkey Prep 101 continued...
Another safe method of defrosting is to submerge the bird, breast side down,
in cold water, and change the water every 30 minutes. With this method,
thawing takes approximately 30 minutes per pound.
"Defrosting in the sink is time-consuming, and if you don't change the
water to keep it cold, you risk the chance of bacterial contamination,"
For purists, nothing can compare with the mouth-watering aromas of slowly
roasting a turkey to golden perfection in the oven. Deep-frying is a popular
alternative cooking method, though it requires the right equipment and lots of
If you prefer the crispy fried version, don't worry about the extra fat
calories, says registered dietitian Newgent: "Thanksgiving only happens
once a year, so just go for it and enjoy!"
Newgent also shares a few basic turkey-cooking tips:
- Buy 1 pound of turkey per person. That will allow plenty for the feast and
- Make sure the bird is completely thawed before cooking; otherwise, it will
not cook uniformly.
- Cook the turkey to the proper temperature. A meat thermometer is the only
way to ensure proper cooking to 180 degrees. Place the thermometer deep into
the thigh, without touching the bone.
- Slowly cooking the turkey at 325 degrees will result in the most moist and
delicious meat. Higher temperatures can overcook or dry out the bird.
- Rub the bird with olive oil and season lightly with salt, pepper, onion and
garlic powders, and a little sage. The rest of the meal is so flavorful that
you shouldn't overpower the bird with heavy seasonings, Newgent says.
- Baste oven-baked birds with their juices and a little butter for added
moistness and rich color.
- Cover the drumsticks and breast with foil when the bird is two-thirds done
to prevent drying and scorching.
- Plan to take advantage of all cooking surfaces when you prepare the meal.
Use shallow baking dishes that fit on an oven shelf under the turkey. Prepare
other dishes on the stovetop and in the microwave.
It's always important to follow safe food handling practices to reduce the
risk of food-borne illness. This year, consumers may also be worried about the
potential for bird flu in their turkeys. But the U.S. Department of Agriculture
(USDA) Food Safety and
Inspection Service reassures us that bird flu (avian influenza) is not
transmissible by eating poultry.
The real concern, as always, is viruses and bacterial contamination. So keep
these safety tips in mind on Thanksgiving (and anytime you're preparing
- Wash your hands thoroughly before and after handling food.
- Prevent cross-contamination by keeping raw foods separate from cooked
- Wash hands, cutting boards, utensils, sink, countertops and anything that
comes in contact with raw turkey with hot, soapy water.
- Sanitize cutting boards with a weak bleach solution (1 teaspoon bleach in 1