How is it treated?
Shigellosis is usually treated
with antibiotics. But some types of Shigella bacteria
are not killed by antibiotics. This is called
resistance. Because using antibiotics can make these
bacteria even more resistant, mild cases of shigellosis are often not treated
with antibiotics. In this case, shigellosis is treated by managing complications until it passes.
Dehydration caused by diarrhea is the most common
complication. Do not use medicines to prevent diarrhea.
prevent dehydration, take frequent sips of a rehydration drink (such as Pedialyte). Try to drink a cup of water or rehydration drink
for each large, loose stool you have. Soda and fruit juices have too much sugar and not enough of the
electrolytes that are lost during diarrhea, and they
should not be used to rehydrate.
Try to stay with your normal diet
as much as possible. Eating your usual diet will help you to get enough
nutrition. Doctors believe that eating a normal diet will also help you feel
better faster. But try to avoid foods that are high in fat and sugar. Also
avoid spicy foods, alcohol, and coffee for 2 days after all symptoms have
How can you prevent shigellosis?
You can help
prevent the spread of shigellosis by washing your hands frequently and
carefully with soap, especially if you work or spend time in day care centers
or with children who are not completely toilet trained. When possible, keep
young children with shigellosis who are still in diapers away from uninfected
If your child is in diapers and has shigellosis, after
diaper changing, wipe the changing area with a disinfectant such as
diluted household bleach and put the diapers in a
closed-lid garbage can. Then wash your hands with soap and warm water.
People who have
shigellosis should not prepare food or pour water for others. Shigella are present in the diarrhea of people with
shigellosis and for 1 or 2 weeks after symptoms have stopped.
Does shigellosis have any complications?
shigellosis, it may take months before your bowel movements are completely
normal again. But people with diarrhea usually recover completely.
A small number of people who are infected with one type of shigella bacteria,
Shigella flexneri, will later develop pain in their
joints, irritation of the eyes, and painful urination. This is called
Reiter's syndrome. It can last for months or years and
can lead to chronic