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Health Care Reform:

Health Insurance & Affordable Care Act

At-a-Glance: Free Preventive Care for Adults

Depression Screening Test

What It Does: Check for signs of depression in adults by asking a series of questions.

How Often: At your physical exam each year.

Type 2 Diabetes Test

What It Does: Uses one or more small samples of your blood to check for type 2 diabetes. You should be tested if either of these is true:

  • You're age 45 or older.
  • You are overweight, with a BMI of 25 or greater, and you have another risk for diabetes. Other risks for diabetes are having high blood pressure or a family history of diabetes.

How Often: At your physical exam each year.

Nutrition Counseling

What It Does: Helps people at risk for chronic diseases make healthy food choices and lower their risk for health problems related to diet, such as:

  • Heart disease
  • Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Some cancers
  • Bone loss

How Often: At your physical exam each year. The counseling can be from a primary care doctor, nutritionist, dietitian, or other specialist.

HIV Test

What It Does: Uses a small sample of your blood to test for HIV, an infection that can lead to AIDS.

You also may receive counseling before and after the test to help you:

  • Learn about the HIV test
  • Learn how to prevent HIV
  • Learn what your test results mean

How Often:

  • At least once in a lifetime between the ages of 15 to 65.
  • When you're pregnant.
  • For people at high risk, once every 12 months, no matter what age you are.
  • For people at very high risk, every 3 to 6 months, no matter what age you are.

You doctor can help you decide how often is appropriate for you.

Immunization Vaccines

What It Does: Protects against certain diseases:

How Often: You can get a flu shot each year. You get other vaccines at certain ages, as a booster, or as needed depending on your risk factors.

Obesity Screening Test and Counseling

What It Does: Evaluates your body mass index (BMI) by weighing you to see if your weight is unhealthy based on your height. If you have a BMI of 30 or higher, you'll also get free diet counseling.  

How Often: At your physical exam each year.

Health plans vary on what they offer for counseling. The recommendation from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force is for 12 to 26 sessions of comprehensive, intensive behavior interventions, but it doesn’t give details. Plans may offer telephone counseling, health coaches, group sessions, or referrals to Weight Watchers. Counseling may be from your main doctor or from other experts.

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