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    Health Care Reform:

    Health Insurance & Affordable Care Act

    Health Insurance When You're Out of Work

    If you lose your job, you may be worried about finding health insurance to replace the plan you had at work. Here are some ways to stay covered.


    COBRA is the name of a law that lets you keep your health insurance when you lose your job. You can keep the insurance from your old job for as long as 18 months. You must sign up for COBRA within 60 days of losing your job.

    Using COBRA to keep your insurance can be expensive. It will cost you more than you were paying while you were working.

    When you had insurance through your job, your company paid part of your premium. Now that you're out of work, you'll have to pay both your part of the premium and the part that your former employer paid.

    Enroll in Your Partner's Insurance

    Does your spouse or partner have health insurance at his or her job? You may be able to join that plan.

    Your spouse or partner can ask for a "special enrollment." That way, you can join the plan without waiting for the annual open enrollment period. Open enrollment typically lasts for only a few weeks each fall.

    If you make a request for special enrollment within 30 days of losing your old coverage, the policy will take effect on the first day of the next full month.

    Also, if you have children who were covered under your old policy, they can be included in the special enrollment request.

    However, you can't ask for special enrollment if you've decided to use COBRA.

    Insurance Marketplace

    If you are out of work you now have an option to buy health insurance in an insurance Marketplace, also called an Exchange. Marketplaces are available in each state.

    A Marketplace lets you shop online for a health plan. You can compare prices and benefits of different plans and find out if you qualify for government assistance to pay the plan’s premiums. Marketplaces have a limited open enrollment period. If you lose your job, you qualify for a special enrollment period. You'll also be able to find out if you qualify for Medicaid, a government program for people with low incomes.

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