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Eye Care

There are two types of health professionals you and our family will likely visit to care for your eyes:

  • Optometrist
  • Ophthalmologist

Optometrist. Most people see an optometrist when they need their vision checked. Optometrists are not medical doctors. They are doctors of optometry. They have a degree from a college of optometry.

Most optometrists concentrate on regular vision care. You can see them for services such as:

  • Eye exams and vision tests
  • Prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses
  • Diagnose and treat certain eye conditions

Ophthalmologist. An ophthalmologist is a medical doctor. If you have an eye disease, you can get it diagnosed and treated by an ophthalmologist.

He or she also does eye surgery. Some ophthalmologists will also prescribe and fit eyeglasses and contact lenses.


Obstetricians and gynecologists treat women for conditions that affect the reproductive system.

Obstetricians help women during pregnancy and delivery.

Gynecologists diagnose and treat diseases of the reproductive system, such as cancer and endometriosis. They also help women through menopause.

Some doctors practice both obstetrics and gynecology.


When you're sniffling and sneezing from seasonal allergies, an allergist can help.

Allergists are trained to prevent and treat all kinds of allergies, including:

  • Hay fever
  • Skin reactions such as eczema
  • Food allergies
  • Asthma

Mental Health Care Provider

A few types of professionals treat mental health issues such as:

  • Depression
  • Anxiety
  • ADHD

Here are some examples of mental health providers:

Psychiatrist.  He or she is a medical doctor who evaluates and treats mental disorders. Psychiatrists can prescribe medicines, such as antidepressants, to treat mental health problems.

Psychologist. A psychologist is not a medical doctor. He or she usually has a master's or doctorate degree in psychology.

Psychologists can evaluate mental health problems and treat them with therapy, but they can't prescribe medicines.

Counselor. A counselor has a master's degree in psychology or counseling. They can use techniques such as talk therapy, but they can't prescribe medicine.

Some mental health providers treat only children or older adults.


A dermatologist treats many types of skin problems, including:

  • Acne
  • Eczema
  • Skin cancer

Dermatologists also improve the skin's appearance with creams, lasers, and other treatments.