If you lose your job, you may be worried about finding health insurance to replace the plan you had at work. Here are some ways to stay covered.
COBRA is the name of a law that lets you keep your health insurance when you lose your job. You can keep the insurance from your old job for as long as 18 months.
Using COBRA to keep your insurance can be expensive. It will cost you more than you were paying while you were working.
When you had insurance through your job, your company paid part of your premium. Now that you're out of work, you'll have to pay both your part of the premium and the part that your former employer paid.
Enroll in Your Partner's Insurance
Does your spouse or partner have health insurance at his or her job? You may be able to join that plan.
Your spouse or partner can ask for a "special enrollment." That way, you can join the plan without waiting for the annual open enrollment period. Open enrollment typically lasts for only a few weeks each fall.
If you make a request for special enrollment within 30 days of losing your old coverage, the policy will take effect on the first day of the next full month.
Also, if you have children who were covered under your old policy, they can be included in the special enrollment request.
However, you can't ask for special enrollment if you've decided to use COBRA.
Starting in 2014, if you find yourself out of work, you'll have new options to buy insurance. That's when the health reform law calls for insurance Marketplaces, also called Exchanges, to be set up in each state.
A Marketplace lets you shop online for a health plan. You can compare prices and benefits of different plans. You'll also be able to find out if you qualify for Medicaid. That's a government program for people with low incomes.
If you lose your job and then get new insurance, you won't have to worry that your children will be denied coverage because of "preexisting" conditions. A preexisting condition is a medical problem you or your child had before you tried to enroll in a new insurance plan.
Under the health reform law, children under age 19 can't be denied coverage because of a preexisting condition. Starting in 2014, adults can't be denied coverage for that reason either.
Coverage for Young Adults
If you lose your job and you're between ages 19 and 26, you have a special option. Under the health reform law you can join your parents' health plan if they have insurance through their jobs.