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Long-Term Care in the Home continued...

"Those meals are usually paired with some sort of activity, so it also lets them get out and get social interaction with peers," Eskenazi says.

Programs such as Meals On Wheels can deliver meals to your loved one if he can't get out of the house. The cost of these meals is often based on his financial needs.

Home health care providers and companions. If your loved one needs nursing care, home health care providers can help. You can find them through agencies or registries.

Companions are people you hire to help with cooking and housekeeping. They also keep your loved one company.

Adult day care programs. These often run Monday through Friday during business hours and include lunch. It's a "great way to make sure your loved one is getting stimulating social activities and meals," Eskenazi says.

"Social" day programs include activities and health screenings. "Health" day programs offer daily health care to seniors who need more regular monitoring of their condition.

Program for all-inclusive care (PACE). It's a Medicare and Medicaid benefit that brings the right services to elderly people in order to help keep them in their homes. Most people in PACE are eligible for Medicaid.

Residential Care

Caregiving in some type of residential community gives your loved one more social opportunities than you can provide at home. The services can vary a lot from place to place. Get the specifics when you visit or call the facility.

Your options for residential care include:

Retirement communities. They can provide your loved one with social activities, transportation, meals, and housekeeping. Some have a nurse on-call and offer the option to add care as you need it. You can also bring in your own additional care.

Residential care. It's usually a home in a residential neighborhood, whose owner has a license to care for a small number of older adults. You might also hear them called personal care homes, adult foster homes, and board and care homes.

It's a good option for your loved one if he doesn't need 24-hour nursing care but can't live alone. Besides meals and social activities, services sometimes include help with dressing, grooming, walking, and using the toilet.