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Choosing Long-Term Care

(continued)

There are three important questions to ask yourself when deciding about long-term care for yourself or a loved one: continued...

To help find out what kind of services you or a loved one need, check the items below that apply. Keep in mind that these needs may change over time.

Do you or your loved one need help with daily activities? Health care needs? Both? You can use the following chart to help you identify the type(s) of long-term care that meet your needs. This chart shows which types of long-term care services offer which kinds of help. The "Relative Costs" information shows how costly the settings can be when compared with each other.

Help With Daily Activities

(_) Shopping
(_) Preparing meals
(_) Eating
(_) Laundry and other housework
(_) Home maintenance
(_) Paying bills and other money matters
(_) Bathing
(_) Dressing
(_) Grooming
(_) Going to the bathroom
(_) Remembering to take medicines
(_) Walking
(_) Other _______________________
(_) Other _______________________

Health Care Needs*

(_) Physical therapy
(_) Speech therapy
(_) Occupational therapy
(_) Rehabilitation
(_) Medical nutritional therapy
(_) Oxygen
(_) Care for pressure ulcers or other wounds
(_) Alzheimer's disease care
(_) Health monitoring (for diabetes, for example)
(_) Pain management
(_) Nursing care services
(_) Other medical services provided by a doctor or other clinician
(_) Other _______________________

Relative Costs Comparison

 

Home Care

Community Services

Supportive Housing Programs

Assisted Living

CCRC*

Nursing Homes

Help with daily activities

X

X

X

X

X

X

Help with health care needs

X

     

X

X

Relative Costs

Low to High

Low to Medium

Low to Medium

Medium to High

High

High

* Continuing Care Retirement Communities

How Will I Pay for these Services?

Long-term care can be very expensive. In general, health plans and programs do not routinely cover long-term care at home or in nursing homes. Here is some general information about long-term care coverage:

  • Medicare is the Federal health insurance program for people age 65 and older and for some disabled younger people. Medicare generally does not pay for long-term help with daily activities. Medicare pays for very limited skilled nursing home care after a hospital stay. If you need skilled care in your home for the treatment of an illness or injury, and you meet certain conditions, Medicare will pay for some of the costs of nursing care, home health aide services, and different types of therapy.
  • Medicaid is a Federal-State program that pays for health services and long-term care for low- income people of any age. The exact rules for who is covered vary by State. Medicaid covers nursing home care for people who are eligible. In some States, Medicaid also pays for some home and community services.
  • Private Insurance. Medicare beneficiaries may supplement their policy with insurance purchased from private organizations. Most of these policies, often called Medigap insurance, will help pay for some skilled care, but only when that care is covered by Medicare. Medigap is not long-term care insurance. Commercial insurers offer private policies called long-term care insurance. These policies may cover services such as care at home, in adult day care, in assisted living facilities, and in nursing homes. But plans vary widely. If you have such a policy, ask your insurer what it covers. If you think you may need long-term care insurance, start shopping while you are relatively young and healthy, and shop carefully.
  • Personal Resources. You may need to use resources such as savings or life insurance to pay for long-term care. Most people who enter nursing homes begin by paying out of their own pockets. As their personal resources are spent, many people who stay in nursing homes for a long time eventually become eligible for Medicaid.

Your State Health Insurance Program (SHIP) can give you general information about Medicare, Medicaid, managed care plans, and the types of health insurance that can supplement Medicare, including Medigap and long-term care insurance. Counselors also can help you with questions about your medical bills, insurance claims, and related matters. These services are free. To find the phone number of the SHIP office in your State, call the Medicare Hotline at 1-800-633-4227. Or, look at the consumer Web site for Medicare services, http://www.medicare.gov.

WebMD Public Information from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services

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