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50+: Live Better, Longer

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Disability's in Eye of Beholder

With the right training and adaptive equipment, people with limited vision don't have to lead limited lives.
WebMD Feature

As a volunteer at a visual rehabilitation center in Boston, Elaine knows that people with limited vision don't have to lead limited lives. Her life certainly hasn't been limited, despite the fact that she has severe loss of vision in both eyes -- one from a retinal detachment, and the other from macular degeneration.

Visual rehabilitation services and low-vision aids don't have the high-tech flash of laser eye surgery, and they can't offer hope of a cure for what ails a failing eye, but "they can do a great deal -- they did for me, and they do for many people. A lot of them are elderly, as I am, and it makes such a difference in their lives to realize that there's something else to do besides just sit," she says.

Recommended Related to Healthy Seniors

Myths About Exercise and Older Adults

Have you given up on exercise? A lot of older people do -- just one out of four people between the ages of 65 and 74 exercises regularly. Many people assume that they're too out-of-shape, or sick, or tired, or just plain old to exercise. They're wrong. "Exercise is almost always good for people of any age," says Chhanda Dutta, PhD, chief of the Clinical Gerontology Branch at the National Institute on Aging. Exercise can help make you stronger, prevent bone loss, improve balance and coordination,...

Read the Myths About Exercise and Older Adults article > >

What Is 'Low Vision'?

The National Eye Institute defines low vision as "a visual impairment, not correctable by standard glasses, contact lenses, medicine, or surgery, that interferes with activities of daily life."

Common causes of low vision include diabetic retinopathy, a common eye disease in people with advanced diabetes; glaucoma, where an increase in eye pressure causes damage to the nerves of the eye; and age-related macular degeneration, where the retina, the layer in the back of the eye that processes light, begins to deteriorate. According to the NEI, about 14 million Americans have low vision affecting their ability to cook, read, drive, and socialize. People at higher risk for loss of vision include blacks and Hispanics age 45 and older, and members of other ethnic groups over age 65.

Learning to Cope

Severe visual loss, whether sudden or gradual, can be devastating for many people, because it implies helplessness and a loss of independence.

"I refer many patients to therapists because of their need to cope more effectively with what they have and with trying to plan for the future," says Andrea Heinlein, MSW, a social worker at Boston's Massachusetts Eye and Ear Institute who helps patients with low vision find special services and resources that can help them function to their fullest.

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