May 15, 2000 -- If you are thinking about compiling a family health history, the Royal North Shore Hospital's Genetics Education Program in Sydney, Australia, gives details on constructing family health tree diagrams and depicts the universally understood health tree symbols to use in the diagrams.
The hospital's online guide lists these conditions of interest, among others, in compiling a family health history:
Is there such a thing as a longevity diet? Increasingly, studies suggest the answer is yes.
Around the world, certain groups of people enjoy exceptionally long lives. Consider the lucky people of Okinawa. These Pacific Islanders have an average life expectancy of more than 81 years, compared to 78 in the United States and a worldwide average of just 67. Closer to home, members of the Seventh Day Adventists, who typically eat vegetarian diets, outlive their neighbors by four to seven years on average...
Joan Kirchman Mitchell, chair of the National Genealogical Society's committee on family health history, provides these questions as a starting point for your history:
What illnesses, health conditions, or surgeries did the relative have, and when?
What was the exact diagnosis in each case?
How old was the person when the illness began? How old was the person at death?
If the person is deceased, when and where did he or she die? What was the cause of death?
What did the person look like? Did he or she have any unusual or abnormal physical characteristics?
Did the person smoke, drink excessively, or abuse drugs?
Is there any history of mental illness or very unusual personality traits or habits?
How many pregnancies did your female relatives have? What were the outcomes? (live birth, miscarriage, aborted fetus, twins)
Where did the person live and work? What was their occupation?
What was the racial or ethnic background of the person?
Deciphering Archaic Medical Terms
The farther back in time your research goes, the more likely you are to encounter old-fashioned names for diseases. For instance, people used to refer to stroke as apoplexy and tuberculosis as consumption. These inconsistencies can make it difficult to follow the history of a disease in your family.
The Center for Archival Collections at Bowling Green State University in Ohio has compiled a helpful list of ancient names for diseases and their modern counterparts in an article in the newsletter Archival Chronicle.
That way, when an uncle tells you about the incidence of "dropsy" on your mother's side of the family, you'll know what he's talking about.
Claudia Willen writes about environmental issues and is the author of several books on computer programming. She is based in San Francisco.