You can take steps to reduce your risk of falling.
Make the following changes in your home:
Remove raised doorway thresholds, throw rugs,
Rearrange furniture and electrical cords to keep them
out of walking paths.
Wear slippers or shoes with nonskid
Use a cane or walker if you need one.
Use nonskid floor wax and wipe up
spills immediately, especially on ceramic tile floors.
stairways, porches, and outside walkways well lit. Use nightlights in hallways
Install sturdy handrails on stairways and grab
handles and nonskid mats inside and outside your shower or tub and near the
Use shower chairs and bath benches.
light switches if needed or use remote switches, such as sound-activated
switches, on lights by doors and near your bed so that you will not have to get
up quickly to turn on the light or walk across the room in the
Put things within easy reach so that you do not need to reach
over your head for them.
Repair loose carpet or raised areas in
the floor that may cause you to trip.
Keep a cordless phone and a
flashlight with new batteries by your bed.
If you live in an area
that gets snow and ice in the winter, have a family member or friend sprinkle salt or sand on slippery
steps and sidewalks.
Take the following health measures:
Exercise regularly. Regular exercise improves
your strength, muscle tone, and sense of balance, which help prevent falls.
Have your vision and hearing checked regularly. If you have poor
vision and hearing, you may lose important cues that help you keep your
Ask your doctor or pharmacist
whether the medicines you are taking can affect your
Don't take sleeping pills or sedatives that can affect
Call your doctor for an appointment
if you are dizzy and lose your balance. You may have a condition that needs
treatment, such as an inner ear problem.
Check the condition of
your feet on a regular basis. Wear shoes that fit well and give your feet good
support. Call your doctor if you think you have corns or calluses
on your feet that need to be removed. Corns, calluses, and loose-fitting shoes
can cause you to lose your balance and fall.
Primary Medical Reviewer
William H. Blahd, Jr., MD, FACEP - Emergency Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer
H. Michael O'Connor, MD - Emergency Medicine
January 12, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
January 12, 2011
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this