Lampert R, et al. (2010). HRS Expert Consensus Statement on the Management of Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs) in patients nearing end of life or requesting withdrawal of therapy. Heart Rhythm, 7(7): 1008-1026. Available online: http://www.hrsonline.org/Policy/ClinicalGuidelines/upload/ceids_mgmt_eol.pdf.
Russo JE (2011). Deactivation of ICDs at the end of life: A systematic review of clinical practices and provider and patient attitudes. American Journal of Nursing, 111(10): 26-35. Also available online: http://journals.lww.com/ajnonline/Fulltext/2011/10000/Original_Research__Deactivation_of_ICDs_at_the_End.18.aspx.
In this article
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this