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    Treating Heart Failure With Diuretics

    Diuretics, better known as "water pills," help the kidneys get rid of unneeded water and salt. This makes it easier for your heart to pump.

    These medicines are used to treat high blood pressure and ease the swelling and water buildup caused by many medical problems, including heart failure. Diuretics also help to make breathing easier.

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    There are several types, including:

    • Bumetanide (Bumex)
    • Furosemide (Lasix)
    • Hydrochlorothiazide (Hydrodiuril)
    • Metolazone (Zaroxolyn)
    • Torsemide (Demadex)

     

    How Do I Take Them?

    Follow the label. If you are taking a single dose a day, take it in the morning with your breakfast or right afterward. If you’re taking more than one dose a day, take your last dose no later than 4 p.m.

    The number of doses you take each day, the time between doses, and how long you need to take it will depend on the type of diuretic you’re prescribed and your condition.

    What Are the Side Effects of Diuretics?

    Frequent peeing : This may last up to 6 hours after a dose.

    Extreme tiredness or weakness : Both should get better as your body adjusts to the medication. If not, call your doctor.

    Muscle cramps , thirst, loss of appetite, nausea, or vomiting: If you have any of these, make sure you’re taking your potassium supplement correctly, if you were prescribed one. Call your doctor if these symptoms last.

    Dizziness , lightheadedness: Try getting up more slowly when you’re lying or sitting.

    Blurred vision , confusion, headache , increased sweating , and restlessness: If these stick around a while or are severe, talk to your doctor.

    Dehydration : Signs of this include:

    • Dizziness
    • Extreme thirst
    • Extreme dry mouth
    • You have to pee less
    • Your pee is a dark color
    • Constipation

    If you have these symptoms, don't assume you need more fluids. Call your doctor right away.

    Callyour doctor right away if you have:

    Skin rash : Stop taking the medication and call your doctor right away.

    Call your doctor if you have any other symptoms that cause concern.

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