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Heart Failure Health Center

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Heart Failure - Treatment Overview

Your treatment for heart failure depends on:

  • The cause of your heart failure.
  • Which type of heart failure you have.
  • How bad your symptoms are (classification).
  • How well your body is able to make up (compensate) for your heart failure.
  • Your goals, wishes, and preferences about your treatment.

In the early stages of heart failure, treatment can help your symptoms. It may also prevent more damage to your heart. Treatment may include:

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Edema Overview

Edema is the medical term for swelling. It is a general response of the body to injury or inflammation. Edema can be isolated to a small area or affect the entire body. Medications, infections, pregnancy, and many medical problems can cause edema. Edema results whenever small blood vessels become "leaky" and release fluid into nearby tissues. The extra fluid accumulates, causing the tissue to swell.

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As part of your ongoing treatment, your doctor will also try to prevent or treat problems-such as fever, arrhythmia, and anemia-that can lead to sudden heart failure. Treatment may include:

  • Getting vaccines. Your doctor may want you to get vaccines against pneumonia and flu. These vaccines can keep you from getting infections that could put you in the hospital.
  • Checking your weight. Your doctor will probably give you guidelines for watching fluid buildup and tell you how much weight gain is too much.
  • Getting devices to fix heart rhythm problems. In some cases, your doctor may recommend a biventricular pacemaker that can help your heart pump blood better. This is also called cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). Or you may have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) to stop a deadly rhythm. Some people get a pacemaker that is combined with an ICD.
  • Oxygen treatment. Your doctor may recommend oxygen therapy to reduce your shortness of breath and increase your ability to exercise.

You might take part in a disease management program. These programs include a broad range of services, such as education, home health care, visiting nurses, and rehabilitation.

A very small number of people may have other treatments, including:

Treatment for causes of heart failure

If you have other heart problems that may have led to heart failure, you might have treatment for those problems:

Sometimes heart failure can be fixed if another problem can be corrected, such as by treating hyperthyroidism.

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