Heart disease has haunted generations of Robin Drummond's family. "I have a
family history of
heart disease on both sides," says the 55-year-old African-American and
resident of Hammond, La. "I've had uncles, aunts, and grandparents who've died
heart attacks and heart disease, and two of my mother's brothers died four
months apart. One had a heart attack in church, and four months later, one had
a heart attack in the post office."
When Drummond's father succumbed to heart disease...
In cyanotic heart defects, less oxygen-rich blood reaches the tissues
of the body. This results in the development of a bluish tint-cyanosis-to the
skin, lips, and nail beds.
Cyanotic heart defects include:
Tetralogy of Fallot.
Transposition of the great vessels.
Total anomalous pulmonary venous return.
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome.
Tricuspid valve abnormalities.
What are acyanotic heart defects?
Congenital heart defects that don't normally interfere with the
amount of oxygen or blood that reaches the tissues of the body are called
acyanotic heart defects. A bluish tint of the skin isn't common in babies with
acyanotic heart defects, although it may occur. If a bluish tint occurs, it
often is during activities when the baby needs more oxygen, such as when crying
Acyanotic congenital heart defects include:
Ventricular septal defect (VSD).
Atrial septal defect (ASD).
Atrioventricular septal defect.
Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA).
Pulmonary valve stenosis.
Aortic valve stenosis.
Coarctation of the aorta.
What are not considered defects?
A small hole in the heart, called a patent foramen ovale, is not considered a heart defect. It happens in many healthy people. But typically it doesn't need treatment.
Primary Medical Reviewer
John Pope, MD - Pediatrics
Specialist Medical Reviewer
Larry A. Latson, MD - Pediatric Cardiology
October 11, 2011
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
October 11, 2011
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