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    Marfan Syndrome

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Marfan Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • MFS

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • Marfan syndrome type I
    • Marfan syndrome type II

    General Discussion

    Marfan syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects connective tissue, which is the material between cells of the body that gives the tissues form and strength. Connective tissue is found all over the body and multiple organ systems may be affected in individuals with Marfan syndrome. The heart and blood vessels (cardiovascular), skeletal, and eye (ocular) systems are most often affected. Major symptoms include overgrowth of the long bones of the arms and legs, abnormal side-to-side curvature of the spine (scoliosis), indentation or protrusion of the chest wall (pectus), dislocation of the lenses of the eyes (ectopia lentis), nearsightedness (myopia), widening (aneurysm) and tear (dissection) of the main artery that carries blood away from the heart (aorta), floppiness of the mitral valve (mitral valve prolapse) and backward flow of blood through the aortic and mitral valves (aortic and mitral regurgitation). The specific symptoms and the severity of Marfan syndrome vary greatly from case to case. Marfan syndrome is inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Defects or disruptions (mutations) of the fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene have been linked to Marfan syndrome and related disorders.

    Resources

    National Scoliosis Foundation
    5 Cabot Place
    Stoughton, MA 02072
    Tel: (781)341-8333
    Fax: (781)341-8333
    Tel: (800)673-6922
    Email: nsf@scoliosis.org
    Internet: http://www.scoliosis.org

    National Marfan Foundation
    22 Manhasset Avenue
    Port Washington, NY 11050
    Tel: (516)883-8712
    Fax: (516)883-8040
    Tel: (800)862-7326
    Email: staff@marfan.org
    Internet: http://www.marfan.org

    American Heart Association
    7272 Greenville Avenue
    Dallas, TX 75231
    Tel: (214)784-7212
    Fax: (214)784-1307
    Tel: (800)242-8721
    Email: Review.personal.info@heart.org
    Internet: http://www.heart.org

    NIH/National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases
    Information Clearinghouse
    One AMS Circle
    Bethesda, MD 20892-3675
    USA
    Tel: (301)495-4484
    Fax: (301)718-6366
    Tel: (877)226-4267
    TDD: (301)565-2966
    Email: NIAMSinfo@mail.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.niams.nih.gov/

    Coalition for Heritable Disorders of Connective Tissue (CHDCT)
    4301 Connecticut Avenue, NW Suite 404
    Washington, DC 20008
    Tel: (202)362-9599
    Fax: (202)966-8553
    Tel: (800)778-7171
    Email: chdct@pxe.org
    Internet: http://www.chdct2.org/

    Canadian Marfan Association
    Centre Plaza Postal Outlet
    128 Queen Street South
    P.O. Box 42257
    Mississauga
    Ontario, L5M 4Z0
    Canada
    Tel: 9058263223
    Fax: 9058262125
    Tel: 8667221722
    Email: info@marfan.ca
    Internet: http://www.marfan.ca

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Cleft Lip and Palate Foundation of Smiles
    2044 Michael Ave SW
    Wyoming, MI 49509
    Tel: (616)329-1335
    Email: Rachelmancuso09@comcast.net
    Internet: http://www.cleftsmile.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 6/8/2011
    Copyright 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1990, 1992, 1994, 1995, 1997, 1999, 2002, 2003, 2007, 2008, 2011 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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