Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Exams and Tests
Emergency evaluation for a heart attackAfter you call for a heart attack, paramedics will quickly assess your heart rate, blood pressure, and breathing rate and place electrodes on your chest for an electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG). An electrocardiogram is a graphic record of the heart's electrical activity as it contracts and relaxes. The ECG's jagged - line image appears on a portable monitor, and i
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Treatment Overview
When a heart attack is in progress, you need to act quickly. Prompt treatment with medicines, angioplasty combined with stenting, or surgery to restore blood flow soon after symptoms first begin can prevent permanent injury to the heart muscle and save your life.Initial treatmentIf you are having a heart attack, the goal of your health care team will be to prevent permanent heart muscle damage by
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Treatment for Complications
In the past decade, angioplasty, also known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), has become a common procedure in large medical centers in the United States. Angioplasty is done during cardiac catheterization or coronary angiogram.During a cardiac catheterization, a tiny tube (called a catheter) is threaded through an artery of an arm or leg up into the heart and a dye that contains ...
Heart failure is caused by diseases or other factors that affect the pumping ability of the heart, specifically the left lower chamber (left ventricle). When the heart cannot pump well, it is called systolic heart failure. Things that affect how the heart pumps include:Coronary artery disease (CAD) and heart attack (most common causes).Damage from poorly controlled high blood pressure or ...
Treatment depends on the cause of heart failure, which type you have, the severity of your symptoms (classification), and how well your body is able to compensate.Treatment of heart failure that is caused by a filling problem (diastolic heart failure) may differ from treatment of heart failure that is caused by a pumping problem (systolic heart failure). Identifying the type of heart failure you .
What is heart failure?Heart failure means your heart muscle does not pump as much blood as your body needs. Failure does not mean that your heart has stopped. It means that your heart is not pumping as well as it should.Because your heart cannot pump well, your body tries to make up for it. To do this: Your body holds on to salt and water. This increases the amount of blood in your bloodstream. ..
When to Call a Doctor
Callor other emergency services immediately if you have:Chest pain that has not gone away within 5 minutes after taking one nitroglycerin and/or resting, especially if the pain is pressing or crushing and occurs with shortness of breath, sweating, and nausea.Symptoms of a stroke. These include: Sudden onset of tingling, numbness, weakness, or inability to move (paralysis) part or all of one side .
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - End-of-Life Decisions
Although treatment for a heart attack is increasingly successful at prolonging life and reducing complications and hospitalization, a heart attack can lead to progressive, fatal conditions, such as heart failure and abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmias). Many important end - of - life decisions can be made while you are active and able to communicate your wishes.When you are diagnosed with a heart
Coronary Artery Disease - Exams and Tests
To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), your health professional will complete a medical history and physical exam. Usually, the need for further testing depends on your risk factors and symptoms. Testing strategies also vary from doctor to doctor.If coronary artery disease is suspected, you may have tests to determine the diagnosis. The most common initial tests are electrocardiogram (EKG or .
Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Cause
The major underlying cause of unstable angina and heart attack is coronary artery disease (CAD). Coronary artery disease occurs when plaque builds up over years inside your coronary arteries and reduces blood flow to the heart muscle. In many people, coronary artery disease begins in adolescence and gradually develops over a lifetime.High cholesterol, high blood pressure, and smoking damage your .