Coronary Artery Disease - Topic Overview
What is coronary artery disease?Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common form of heart disease and top cause of death in the United States.1 This condition occurs when the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen - rich blood to your heart muscle, gradually become narrowed or blocked by plaque deposits. The plaque deposits decrease the space through which blood can flow. Poo
Coronary Artery Disease - Angioplasty
Several nonsurgical procedures are used to treat coronary artery disease. They are called nonsurgical procedures because the repair is done through a catheter inserted into an artery, and neither a large incision nor general anesthesia are needed.Two such procedures, angioplasty (often combined with stenting) and atherectomy, are used to reopen blocked or narrowed coronary arteries. Angioplasty, .
Coronary Artery Disease - Exams and Tests
To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), your health professional will complete a medical history and physical exam. Usually, the need for further testing depends on your risk factors and symptoms. Testing strategies also vary from doctor to doctor.If coronary artery disease is suspected, you may have tests to determine the diagnosis. The most common initial tests are electrocardiogram (EKG or .
Coronary Artery Disease - Treatment Overview
Treatment for coronary artery disease (CAD) depends upon how far the disease has already progressed. Coronary artery disease is the buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen - rich blood to heart muscle. As you review your treatment options, consider the following:No matter what medical treatment you receive, lifestyle changes-including quitting
Coronary Artery Disease - Health Tools
Health tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems. Should I have an angiogram to test for coronary artery disease? Should I stop life - prolonging treatment?Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition. Exercising for a ...
Coronary Artery Disease - Surgery
The goals of surgery for coronary artery disease (CAD) are to: Restore blood flow to the heart muscle.Relieve chest pain (angina).Allow you to maintain or resume a normal lifestyle. In some cases, surgery may allow you to live longer.Although many people with CAD can be treated with medication or angioplasty, coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG) is sometimes needed. This surgery routes blood ...
Coronary Artery Disease - Symptoms
Typically, the earliest symptoms of coronary artery disease (CAD) are chest pain, also called angina, and shortness of breath with exertion. Other symptoms of coronary artery disease include a fast heartbeat, weakness, dizziness, nausea, and increased perspiration.Heart attack symptoms in men and women often differ. Men usually have the typical type of chest pain that comes with exertion and ...
Coronary Artery Disease - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about coronary artery disease (CAD):What is CAD?What causes CAD?What are the symptoms of CAD?What increases my risk for CAD?What is my risk for having a heart attack?When do I need to see my doctor?Being diagnosed:What is important for my doctor to know about my condition?How will my doctor diagnose CAD?How can an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG) help diagnose CAD?Should I have an ...
Coronary Artery Disease - Living With Heart Disease
A diagnosis of coronary artery disease (CAD), can be difficult to accept and understand. If you do not have symptoms, it may be especially hard to recognize that CAD is a serious disease that can lead to complications. Coronary artery disease is caused by the gradual buildup of plaque on the inside of the coronary arteries, the blood vessels that supply oxygen - rich blood to heart muscle.It is ..
Coronary Artery Disease - What Happens
After being diagnosed with coronary artery disease (CAD), your biggest concerns will probably be managing your symptoms and reducing the chance of heart attack, stroke, or other complications.Symptoms of coronary artery disease often begin when less blood flows to the heart muscle. Sometimes collateral circulation develops to provide another source of oxygen - rich blood to the deprived heart ...