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Heart Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Heart Disease

  1. Mitral Valve Prolapse - Medications

    People with mitral valve prolapse (MVP) usually do not need medications, especially if they do not have mitral valve regurgitation. Medications cannot correct bulging (prolapse) of the mitral valve or prevent many of the complications that can develop. However, medication is sometimes used to control symptoms or prevent infection.Medication choicesMedications may help relieve certain symptoms ...

  2. Cardiac Arrest - Topic Overview

    In cardiac arrest, the heart suddenly stops beating. This causes blood to stop pumping to the body. If the heartbeat is not restarted within minutes, the person will die. This problem is also called sudden cardiac arrest.Cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack, which happens when part of the heart muscle dies because blood flow to it has been blocked.What causes it?Cardiac arrest is usually caused by a problem with the heart's electrical system. In most cases, the heart's rhythm is too fast and irregular. This problem is called ventricular fibrillation (say ven-TRICK-yuh-ler fib-ruh-LAY-shun). The lower chambers of the heart (ventricles) quiver very fast and can't pump blood.But cardiac arrest often happens to people who didn't know they had a heart problem. Some other health problems can increase the chance of a deadly heart rhythm. They include:Heart disease (coronary artery disease).A heart attack.Heart failure.Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (say hy-per-TROH-fik

  3. Anticoagulants for Heart Valve Disease

    Drug details for Anticoagulants for aortic and mitral valve regurgitation.

  4. Aortic Valve Regurgitation - Health Tools

    An interactive tool about eating a steady amount of vitamin K when you take warfarin (Coumadin).

  5. Congenital Heart Defects - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your health professional immediately if your child with a congenital heart defect has symptoms of heart failure, a blusih tint to the skin, or a fever that won’t go away.

  6. Coronary Artery Disease - Exams and Tests

    To diagnose coronary artery disease (CAD), your health professional will complete a medical history and physical exam. Usually, the need for further testing depends on your risk factors and symptoms. Testing strategies also vary from doctor to doctor.If coronary artery disease is suspected, you may have tests to determine the diagnosis. The most common initial tests are electrocardiogram (EKG or .

  7. Using Nitroglycerin for Angina - Topic Overview

    What is nitroglycerin?Nitroglycerin is a vasodilator, a medicine that opens blood vessels to improve blood flow. It is used to treat angina-a type of chest pain-that happens when there is not enough blood flowing to the heart. To improve blood flow to the heart, nitroglycerin opens up (dilates) the arteries in the heart (coronary arteries), which improves symptoms and reduces how hard the heart ..

  8. Drug-Eluting Stents - Topic Overview

    Drug-eluting stents are coated with medicine to prevent a coronary artery from narrowing again after angioplasty. Stents are small,wire-mesh tubes that are inserted during angioplasty into a blocked section of the coronary artery to open the artery and improve blood flow. See a picture of a stent. Drug-eluting stents are used more often than bare-metal stents. All stents have a risk that ...

  9. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: Risk of Sudden Death - Topic Overview

    Some people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are at high risk for sudden death. If you are at high risk,you may want to ask your doctor about an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD). An ICD can identify life-threatening arrhythmias and successfully restore a normal heartbeat. Your doctor may suggest an ICD if you are at high risk for sudden death. You are at high risk for sudden ...

  10. Angioplasty for Coronary Artery Disease

    Angioplasty and related techniques are known as percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Angioplasty is a procedure in which a narrowed section of the coronary artery is dilated with a balloon catheter. Angioplasty is less invasive and has a shorter recovery time than bypass surgery, which is also done to increase blood flow to the heart muscle but requires open - heart surgery. Most of the time

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