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Heart Disease Health Center

Medical Reference Related to Heart Disease

  1. Heart Disease and the Doctor's Exam

    WebMD's guide to simple tests for heart disease.

  2. Topic Overview

    Systolic heart failure happens when the left side of your heart doesn't pump blood out to the body as well as normal. What happens to the heart? Systolic heart failure typically affects the left side of the heart. This is the side that pumps blood to the body. The heart's lower chamber,called the left ventricle,cannot pump blood as well. It's called systolic because your ventricle doesn't ...

  3. Congenital Heart Defects - When To Call a Doctor

    Call your health professional immediately if your child with a congenital heart defect has symptoms of heart failure, a blusih tint to the skin, or a fever that won’t go away.

  4. Living With Heart Failure

    Your attitude and level of participation in your treatment can strongly impact how you feel. Taking care of yourself will help you feel better and improve your health so that you can enjoy life. Taking your medicines as directed, controlling your diet, and getting regular exercise are lifestyle changes that are key to controlling heart failure symptoms and preventing sudden heart failure.Limit ...

  5. Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Minimally Invasive Methods - Topic Overview

    Standard coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery is very successful in improving blood flow to the heart. But the procedure is very invasive to your body for two major reasons: It involves making a large chest incision to expose your heart and arteries. It requires stopping your heart and connecting you to a heart-lung bypass machine that takes over the work of your heart and lungs. ...

  6. Coronary Artery Disease - Cause

    Coronary artery disease is caused by the buildup of plaque on the inside of your coronary arteries. In most people, plaque buildup begins early in life and gradually develops over a lifetime.2Coronary artery disease (CAD) typically begins when the inside walls of the coronary arteries are damaged, due to one or more underlying conditions, such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, ..

  7. Mitral Valve Regurgitation - Cause

    There are two forms of mitral valve regurgitation (MR): chronic and acute. Chronic mitral valve regurgitation develops slowly over several years. Acute MR develops suddenly.Chronic mitral valve regurgitation The most common cause of chronic mitral valve regurgitation is mitral valve disease that damages the mitral valve flaps over time. The flaps then allow blood to leak backward (regurgitate) ...

  8. Procedures That May Require Antibiotics to Prevent Endocarditis - Topic Overview

    The American Heart Association recommends preventive (prophylactic) antibiotics for some people who are at increased risk for developing endocarditis. 1 These people should have preventive antibiotics before they have certain procedures that may release bacteria into the bloodstream. If you are at increased risk for endocarditis,talk with your doctor or your dentist about the need for ...

  9. Mitral Valve Regurgitation: Severity - Topic Overview

    A crucial step in the diagnostic process is determining how serious your case of mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is, because treatment depends largely on severity. At a minimum, your doctor will use an echocardiogram to gauge the condition of your mitral valve. And depending on your situation, your doctor may need more information and extra diagnostic tests.To find out the severity of your MR, your doctor will look for:The size of the left ventricle at the end of the contraction (end systolic dimension, or ESD). In chronic MR, the left ventricle expands in size as it tries to accommodate the larger volumes of blood flowing into the chamber. The larger the left ventricle, the more advanced the MR. This applies only to the chronic form of the disease, since the left ventricle does not expand in acute MR. The ejection fraction. This number shows the efficiency of your heart. The ejection fraction is the amount of blood pumped out of the ventricle (stroke volume) divided by the total

  10. Mitral Valve Regurgitation - Exams and Tests

    Chronic mitral valve regurgitation (MR) can be difficult to diagnose. It is a "quiet" condition and often has no symptoms, or your symptoms may be confused with other heart - related conditions.Chronic MR is often diagnosed during a routine checkup or a visit to the doctor for another condition. A heart murmur may be the first sign leading your doctor to the diagnosis, especially if you have no ..

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