Bad Marriage, Bad Heart?
Negative Relationships Boost Heart Disease Risk by 34%, Study Shows
A Closer Look continued...
De Vogli didn't find an association between the level of practical support
or emotional support and heart disease risk.
What's behind the bad marriage -- bad heart link? People may mentally
"replay" the negative interactions, De Vogli and other researchers
suspect. "It can activate emotional responses, including depression or
hostility," he says, in turn boosting heart disease risk. De Vogli
found the association held for both men and women and for those in higher and
lower social positions. More likely to have negative relationships, he did
find, were those in lower-grade jobs. Negative close relationships were less
likely in people who were never married.
"It's an intriguing finding," says Robert Allan, PHD, a clinical
assistant professor of psychology in psychiatry at New York-Presbyterian
Hospital/Weill Cornell Medical Center. He reviewed the study for WebMD.
"In this study, they controlled for many variables [that could
contribute to heart problems], including age, sex, marital status, high blood
pressure, and diabetes," says Allan, an expert in the field of anger
management with a specialty in coronary risk reduction.
Overall, he says, the link De Vogli's team found between negative
relationships and heart disease is not "huge." Still, "this is one
study that adds to a significant database suggesting that negative effect is
bad for both quality of life and for the heart."
It's a wake-up call to work on improving relationships as one way to improve
cardiac health, says Allan.