Too Few Keep Heart-Healthy Habits
Less Than 2% of Americans Meet 7 Recommended Heart Health Goals
WebMD News Archive
March 16, 2012 -- Less than 2% of Americans meet seven recommended heart health targets that could dramatically reduce their risk of heart disease, according to a new study.
The research shows that the number of people who follow all seven heart-healthy habits recommended by the American Heart Association, like eating a healthy diet, being physically active, and having normal blood pressure, has actually declined in recent years.
Researchers found that the percentage of Americans who followed all of the health behaviors dropped from 2% in 1988-1994 to 1.2% in 2005-2010.
The seven behaviors include:
- Not smoking
- Being physically active
- Having normal blood pressure (under 120/80)
- Healthy fasting blood-glucose levels (below 100)
- Total cholesterol levels below 200
- Maintaining a healthy weight
- Eating a healthy diet
People who met six of the seven goals had a 76% lower risk of heart-related death and a 51% lower risk of death from any cause, compared with those who met one or fewer.
Heart-Healthy Habits Lacking
In the study, published online in the Journal of the American Medical Association, researchers followed a group of nearly 45,000 adults who participated in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1988-2010.
Not surprisingly, the results showed that the more heart-healthy goals people met, the lower their risk of heart disease and death. Meeting a higher number of the heart health targets was also associated with a lower risk of cancer.
Researchers found that younger people, women, whites, and people with higher education levels tended to meet more of the heart-healthy goals.
But despite increased public awareness of heart disease risk factors, researchers found some unhealthy trends.
For example, the number of people eating a healthy diet declined during the study period, and the prevalence of obesity and abnormal fasting blood-glucose levels increased.
In addition, the proportion of adults with healthy untreated blood pressure and total cholesterol levels remained unchanged from 1988 to 2010.
On the positive side, the percentage of current smokers dropped from 28% in 1988-1994 to 23% in 2005-2010, and the number of people who met the ideal heart-healthy level of physical activity increased from 41% to 45% during the same period.
But at the same time, the percentage of people classified as inactive, when it comes to physical activity, doubled from 16% to 32%.