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    Prader Willi Syndrome

    Important
    It is possible that the main title of the report Prader Willi Syndrome is not the name you expected. Please check the synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and disorder subdivision(s) covered by this report.

    Synonyms

    • Prader-Labhart-Willi syndrome
    • PWS
    • Willi-Prader syndrome

    Disorder Subdivisions

    • None

    General Discussion

    Summary
    Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) is a genetic multisystem disorder characterized during infancy by lethargy, diminished muscle tone (hypotonia), feeding difficulties, and poor weight gain. In childhood, features of this disorder include short stature, small genitals and an excessive appetite because affected individuals do not feel satisfied after completing a mean (satiety). Without intervention, this can lead to overeating and the gradual onset of obesity. The food compulsion requires constant supervision. Individuals with severe obesity may have an increased risk of cardiac insufficiency, sleep apnea, diabetes, and other serious conditions that can cause life-threatening complications. All individuals with PWS have some cognitive impairment that ranges from low normal intelligence with learning disabilities to mild to moderate intellectual disability. Behavioral problems are common and can include temper tantrums, obsessive/compulsive behavior, and skin picking. Motor milestones and language development are often delayed. PWS occurs due to abnormalities affecting certain genes in a specific region of chromosome 15. These abnormalities usually result from random (sporadic) errors in development, but are sometimes inherited.

    Introduction
    Originally described in the medical literature in 1956, PWS is the first disorder confirmed to be due to imprinting errors (see Causes section). It is the most common genetic cause of life-threatening childhood obesity. The disorder was once known as hypogonadism, hypotonia, hypomentia, obesity (HHHO).

    Resources

    Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (USA)
    8588 Potter Park Drive, Suite 500
    Sarasota, FL 34238
    USA
    Tel: (941)312-0400
    Fax: (941)312-0142
    Tel: (800)926-4797
    Email: webmaster1@pwsausa.org
    Internet: http://www.pwsausa.org

    March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation
    1275 Mamaroneck Avenue
    White Plains, NY 10605
    Tel: (914)997-4488
    Fax: (914)997-4763
    Tel: (888)663-4637
    Email: Askus@marchofdimes.com
    Internet: http://www.marchofdimes.com

    Prader-Willi Syndrome Association (UK)
    125A London Rd
    Derby, DE1 2QQ
    United Kingdom
    Fax: 01332360401
    Tel: 01332365676
    Email: admin@pwsa.co.uk
    Internet: http://www.pwsa.co.uk

    NIH/National Institute of Child Health and Human Development
    31 Center Dr
    Building 31, Room 2A32
    MSC2425
    Bethesda, MD 20892
    Fax: (866)760-5947
    Tel: (800)370-2943
    TDD: (888)320-6942
    Email: NICHDInformationResourceCenter@mail.nih.gov
    Internet: http://www.nichd.nih.gov/

    Prader-Willi France
    10 Rue Charles Clement
    Mondrepuis, F02500
    France
    Tel: 33323987904
    Fax: 33323987904
    Email: jean-yves.belliard@wanadoo.fr
    Internet: http://www.perso.wanadoo.fr/pwillifr

    Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
    PO Box 8126
    Gaithersburg, MD 20898-8126
    Tel: (301)251-4925
    Fax: (301)251-4911
    Tel: (888)205-2311
    TDD: (888)205-3223
    Internet: http://rarediseases.info.nih.gov/GARD/

    Madisons Foundation
    PO Box 241956
    Los Angeles, CA 90024
    Tel: (310)264-0826
    Fax: (310)264-4766
    Email: getinfo@madisonsfoundation.org
    Internet: http://www.madisonsfoundation.org

    Foundation for Prader-Willi Research
    5455 Wilshire Blvd
    Suite 2020
    Los Angeles, CA 90036
    Tel: (760)536-3027
    Fax: (888)559-4105
    Email: tthoet@fpwr.org
    Internet: http://www.fpwr.org

    International Prader Willi Syndrome Organization
    c/o Baschirotto Institute for Rare Diseases (BIRD)
    Via Bartolomeo Bizio, 1
    Costozza (VI), 36023
    Italy
    Tel: 390444555557
    Fax: 390444555557
    Email: g.fornas@alice.it
    Internet: http://www.ipwso.org

    Medical Home Portal
    Dept. of Pediatrics
    University of Utah
    P.O. Box 581289
    Salt Lake City, UT 84158
    Tel: (801)587-9978
    Fax: (801)581-3899
    Email: mindy.tueller@utah.edu
    Internet: http://www.medicalhomeportal.org

    For a Complete Report:

    This is an abstract of a report from the National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD). A copy of the complete report can be downloaded free from the NORD website for registered users. The complete report contains additional information including symptoms, causes, affected population, related disorders, standard and investigational therapies (if available), and references from medical literature. For a full-text version of this topic, go to www.rarediseases.org and click on Rare Disease Database under "Rare Disease Information".

    The information provided in this report is not intended for diagnostic purposes. It is provided for informational purposes only. NORD recommends that affected individuals seek the advice or counsel of their own personal physicians.

    It is possible that the title of this topic is not the name you selected. Please check the Synonyms listing to find the alternate name(s) and Disorder Subdivision(s) covered by this report

    This disease entry is based upon medical information available through the date at the end of the topic. Since NORD's resources are limited, it is not possible to keep every entry in the Rare Disease Database completely current and accurate. Please check with the agencies listed in the Resources section for the most current information about this disorder.

    For additional information and assistance about rare disorders, please contact the National Organization for Rare Disorders at P.O. Box 1968, Danbury, CT 06813-1968; phone (203) 744-0100; web site www.rarediseases.org or email orphan@rarediseases.org

    Last Updated: 5/31/2012
    Copyright 1984, 1985, 1987, 1988, 1989, 1992, 1994, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2009, 2012 National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

    WebMD Medical Reference from the National Organization for Rare Disorders

    Last Updated: May 28, 2015
    This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.

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