A team of surgeons, nurses, and other medical staff will participate
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Each team
member has a specific set of responsibilities before, during, and after the
CABG surgery is a complex operation that involves a great deal of
technical expertise and precision. The medical professionals in the operating
room during your surgery will be specially trained in performing the CABG
procedure. Also, your medical team will probably have worked together as
a team many times in the past.
If you have an irregular heartbeat (called an arrhythmia), your doctor might suggest a treatment called cardioversion to help get your heart back into a normal rhythm.
If your heart beats too fast or unevenly, it can be dangerous. Your heart may not be pumping enough blood to meet your body's needs. An irregular heartbeat also can lead to a stroke or a heart attack.
You might have a team that helps you decide whether to have bypass surgery. This team could be your cardiac surgeon and another cardiologist, called an interventional cardiologist, who does angioplasty procedures. They can help you understand your treatment options and help you make a decision.
Though the exact composition will differ at particular hospitals, the
medical team that performs a CABG surgery is roughly similar at all
Surgical team: Your cardiac surgeon or surgeons
and a surgical assistant will perform your CABG
Specially trained nurses will assist the surgical
Perfusionist: A certified medical technician monitors the
heart-lung bypass machine.
You will likely first meet your cardiac surgeon at his or her office
where you will discuss specific aspects of your CABG surgery. Many hospitals
require that two cardiac surgeons perform this kind of surgery. Cardiac
surgeons lead the procedure and are responsible for performing its most
intricate parts. Specifically, your surgeon will handle your heart and blood
vessels, graft the new blood vessels to your coronary arteries, and oversee all
the other parts of the surgery.
All surgeries also have a surgical assistant, who is typically
responsible for harvesting the blood vessels that will be used as graft
material as well as assisting the surgeon with opening and closing your chest
and sewing (suturing) your incision after surgery. The surgical assistant is
also the individual who will most regularly check on your progress as you