Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: Your Medical Team - Topic Overview
A team of surgeons, nurses, and other medical staff will participate
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. Each team
member has a specific set of responsibilities before, during, and after the
CABG surgery is a complex operation that involves a great deal of
technical expertise and precision. The medical professionals in the operating
room during your surgery will be specially trained in performing the CABG
procedure. Also, your medical team will probably have worked together as
a team many times in the past.
In every issue of WebMD the Magazine, we ask our experts to answer readers' questions about a wide range of topics. In our September 2011 issue, we gave a reader's question about preventing heart disease to James Beckerman, MD, WebMD's heart health expert.
Q : Heart disease runs in my family. What can I really do now to help prevent it?
A : Cut out these five things to greatly reduce your risk:
Smoking (or hanging around with smokers). Smoking is the most dangerous -- yet most reversible...
You might have a team that helps you decide whether to have bypass surgery. This team could be your cardiac surgeon and another cardiologist, called an interventional cardiologist, who does angioplasty procedures. They can help you understand your treatment options and help you make a decision.
Though the exact composition will differ at particular hospitals, the
medical team that performs a CABG surgery is roughly similar at all
Surgical team: Your cardiac surgeon or surgeons
and a surgical assistant will perform your CABG
Specially trained nurses will assist the surgical
Perfusionist: A certified medical technician monitors the
heart-lung bypass machine.
You will likely first meet your cardiac surgeon at his or her office
where you will discuss specific aspects of your CABG surgery. Many hospitals
require that two cardiac surgeons perform this kind of surgery. Cardiac
surgeons lead the procedure and are responsible for performing its most
intricate parts. Specifically, your surgeon will handle your heart and blood
vessels, graft the new blood vessels to your coronary arteries, and oversee all
the other parts of the surgery.
All surgeries also have a surgical assistant, who is typically
responsible for harvesting the blood vessels that will be used as graft
material as well as assisting the surgeon with opening and closing your chest
and sewing (suturing) your incision after surgery. The surgical assistant is
also the individual who will most regularly check on your progress as you
You will probably meet one or more members of your anesthesia team
the evening before and the day of your surgery.
Your anesthesia team will give you the proper dose of general
anesthesia so that you are unconscious during the operation.
Also, the team will monitor your vital signs and correct any
changes in your blood pressure, heart rhythm, or blood oxygen levels with
adjustments to the anesthesia and medicines you are receiving.
This team will keep you comfortable during the procedure by treating
any pain associated with your CABG surgery. The team will give you medicines
through a tube inserted into a vein (intravenous, or IV).