How is coronary artery disease diagnosed? continued...
Some common risk factors are
being older than 65; smoking; having high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or
diabetes; and having heart disease in your family.
If your doctor thinks that you have coronary artery disease, you may have
tests to check how well your heart is working. These tests include an electrocardiogram (EKG or ECG), a chest X-ray, an exercise electrocardiogram, and blood tests. You may also have a coronary angiogram to check blood flow to the heart.
How is it treated?
on lowering your risk for heart attack and stroke and managing your symptoms. Lifestyle changes, medicine, and procedures are used.
Lifestyle changes include quitting smoking (if you smoke), eating heart-healthy foods, getting regular exercise, staying at a healthy weight, lowing your stress level, and limiting how much alcohol you drink. A cardiac rehab program can help you make these changes.
Medicines can help you lower high cholesterol and high blood pressure, manage angina, and lower your risk of having a blood clot.
Procedures that improve blood flow to the heart include angioplasty and bypass surgery .