Coronary Artery Disease - Treatment Overview
coronary artery disease focuses on taking steps to
manage symptoms and reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. For
What to Think About
Keep these questions in mind
as you think about your treatment options:
- Will this treatment improve my symptoms?
- Will this treatment help prevent future heart problems?
- Am I likely to live longer with this treatment?
- What are the risks of this treatment?
Lifestyle changes are the first
step for anyone with
coronary artery disease. But sometimes lifestyle
changes are not enough. You may also need medicines. If you take medicines, take them on a schedule and take the correct dose. Taking medicines properly can help you prevent a heart attack or stroke.
When you're first diagnosed
with heart disease, your doctor will strongly advise you to make lifestyle
changes. These include quitting smoking, eating a heart-healthy diet, and
getting regular exercise. These healthy habits can slow or even stop the
disease and improve the quality and length of your life.
Quit smoking. It's the best thing you can do to reduce your
risk of future problems. And avoid secondhand smoke. If you smoke, you are 2 to 3 times more likely to die from heart disease.1
If you smoke, try to quit. Medicines and counseling can help you quit for good.
Eat a heart-healthy diet. This can help you keep your disease from getting
worse. A chart that compares heart-healthy diets(What is a PDF document?) can help you see what foods are suggested in each plan. A heart-healthy diet means:
- Eat more fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and other high-fiber
- Choose foods that are low in saturated fat, trans fat, and
- Limit salt.
- Stay at a healthy weight by balancing the calories you eat with
how much physical activity you get.
- Eat more foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as