on lowering your risk for heart attack and stroke and managing your symptoms. Lifestyle changes, medicine, and procedures are used.
Lifestyle changes are the first
step for anyone with
coronary artery disease. Healthy habits can slow or even stop the
disease and improve the quality and length of your life. These habits include:
A cardiac rehabilitation program can help you make these changes.
It's also important to manage any health problems you have. If you have high blood pressure, high cholesterol, or diabetes, be sure you're doing everything you can to keep these conditions under control.
To learn what you can do, see Living With Heart Disease.
You will probably have to take several medicines that lower your risk of a heart attack. These include:
To manage symptoms, you might take an angina medicine, such as nitroglycerin.
If your angina symptoms get worse even though you are
taking medicines, you may think about having a procedure to improve blood flow to your heart.
angioplasty with or without stenting and
bypass surgery. They are done when the coronary arteries are severely narrowed or blocked.
- Heart Disease: Should I Have Angioplasty for Stable Angina?
- Heart Disease: Should I Have Bypass Surgery?
coronary artery disease gets worse, you may want to think about
palliative care. Palliative care focuses on improving your quality of
life—not just in your body, but also in your mind and spirit. It may
help you manage symptoms or side effects from treatment.
If you are interested in palliative care, talk to your
doctor. He or she may be able to manage your care or refer you to a doctor who
specializes in this type of care.
For more information, see the