Heart Attack and Unstable Angina - Prevention
You can help prevent
a heart attack by taking steps that slow or prevent coronary artery disease—the main risk factor for a heart attack.
Make lifestyle changes
Control cholesterol and blood pressure
To reduce your risk of a heart attack, you will need to
control your cholesterol and
manage your blood pressure. Quitting smoking, changing
the way you eat, and getting more exercise can help. But if these things don't
work, you may also need to take medicines.
- High Cholesterol: Should I Take Statins?
- High Blood Pressure: Should I Take Medicine?
Take aspirin to prevent a heart attack
aspirin might lower your chances of having a heart attack. Talk with your doctor before taking aspirin every day. To see if aspirin is right for you, you and your doctor will balance the benefits and the risks of taking a daily aspirin.
- Aspirin: Should I Take Daily Aspirin to Prevent a Heart Attack or Stroke?
information, see the topic Low-Dose Aspirin Therapy.
Manage stress and get help for depression
- Manage stress. Stress can hurt your heart.
Keep stress low by talking about your problems and feelings, rather than
keeping your feelings hidden. Try different ways to reduce stress, such as exercise, deep breathing, meditation, or
- Get help for depressionGet help for depression. Getting treatment for
depression can help you stay healthy.
Learn about issues for women
Women have unique risk factors for heart disease, including hormone therapy and pregnancy-related problems. These things can raise a woman's risk for a heart attack or stroke.
See the topic Women and Coronary Artery Disease for more information on risk, symptoms, and prevention of heart disease.