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Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy - Home Treatment

Because of the risk of sudden death, it is important for people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy to avoid too much strenuous activity and intense exercise. Sudden death in people who have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy can occur during or just after strenuous physical activity. Talk to your doctor about what level of exercise and what kinds of activities are safe. Because dehydration can also make symptoms in people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy worse, prolonged activity in hot weather is not recommended.

The following self-care recommendations are also important.

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  • Limit alcohol and do not drink excessively. Long-term overuse of alcohol appears to increase the risk of developing certain types of heart problems.
  • If you smoke, try to quit. Medicines and counseling can help you quit for good.
  • Stay well hydrated (unless you have heart failure or another medical condition and need to limit your fluid intake).
  • Weigh yourself daily. If fluid begins to build up rapidly, you will notice a sudden weight gain. Your doctor may tell you how much weight to watch for. But in general, call your doctor if you gain 3 lb (1.4 kg) or more in 2 to 3 days.

Follow your doctor's recommendations for regular exams to monitor your condition.

Because some people with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy may be at increased risk for sudden death, it is a good idea for family members to learn CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation).

For more information, see the topic Heart Failure.

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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise

Last Updated: November 19, 2010
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor. Healthwise disclaims any liability for the decisions you make based on this information.
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