Mitral Valve Prolapse - Treatment Overview
Most people with
mitral valve prolapse (MVP) do not have symptoms and
do not need treatment. Regular checkups every 3 to 5 years are usually all that
is required. A normal lifestyle and regular exercise are recommended for most
people who have MVP.1
If you have symptoms,
such as shortness of breath, chest pain, or
palpitations, and your heart exam or echocardiogram
suggests a higher risk of
complications, you may need more frequent checkups,
Your doctor may want to do an
echocardiogram to confirm that you have mitral valve
prolapse, to see whether you have
mitral valve regurgitation, or to rule out other heart
Treatment if the condition gets worse
If you have severe mitral valve
regurgitation as a complication of
MVP, you may need surgery to repair the mitral valve.
If your mitral valve cannot be repaired, you may need surgery to replace the
mitral valve. Surgery may also be needed if
other structures related to the mitral valve are severely damaged.
cases, severe mitral valve regurgitation, which is a complication of
MVP, can lead to
heart failure. For more
information, see the topics
Mitral Valve Regurgitation and Heart Failure.
If you have a rhythm problem called atrial fibrillation, you will be treated for that problem. For more information, see the topic Atrial Fibrillation.