Mitral Valve Regurgitation - Exams and Tests
Another form of ultrasound called
Doppler echocardiogram (Doppler ultrasound) may be
done to evaluate the severity of MR.
If you have severe MR or
symptoms, your doctor may recommend an echocardiogram every 6 to 12 months.
Your doctor will use the echocardiogram to see if your MR has gotten
electrocardiogram (EKG, ECG) is a test that measures
the electrical signals that control the rhythm of your heartbeat. It may be
- Evaluate abnormal heart
- Determine whether there may be enlargement of the heart's
- Look for signs of a possible previous heart
Although the EKG may reveal abnormal electrical activity
in the heart, further testing is often still needed to find out the severity
of MR and to confirm whether MR is causing enlargement of the left ventricle.
The result of an EKG is often normal in people who have mild MR.
chest X-ray may be done to evaluate heart size and to
assess symptoms of MR, such as shortness of breath. Calcium deposits on the
heart valves may sometimes be seen on a chest X-ray.
Cardiac catheterization (also called coronary angiogram), a test that evaluates
your heart and heart (coronary) arteries, may be done to:
- Confirm the severity of mitral valve leakage
seen on an echocardiogram.
- Check for
coronary artery disease before valve repair or
replacement surgery. If severe blockage is seen in the coronary arteries, the
blockage may be corrected during the same open-heart surgery to correct the
Tests for acute mitral valve
regurgitation may include one or more of the tests used for chronic MR as well
transesophageal echocardiogram. In this test, a device
that sends sound waves is passed down the
esophagus to take clearer pictures of the heart.