Mitral Valve Regurgitation - Medications
Medicines do not prevent or correct the
damage to the heart caused by
mitral valve regurgitation (MR). But in
chronic MR, medicines may help relieve symptoms in
people who are not good candidates for surgery or in people who are waiting for
surgery to repair or replace their damaged valve.
chronic and severe MR who also have an enlarged, abnormally functioning
left ventricle may not benefit from mitral valve
surgery and are often treated with medicines to relieve their symptoms.
Depending on the severity of their MR, some older people may also be treated
with medicines because they may be at greater risk for developing complications
during or following surgery. A number of medicines are used to treat MR.
In acute MR, medicines are used to
stabilize your condition until you can have surgery to replace or repair the
Vasodilators such as nitroprusside help reduce the
amount of blood flowing back into the left atrium.
Diuretics help reduce workload on the heart.
What to think about
If you take warfarin, you need to take extra steps to avoid bleeding problems. You need to:
- Get regular blood tests.
- Prevent falls and injuries.
- Eat a steady diet. Pay attention to foods that contain vitamin K.
- Tell your doctors about all other medicines and vitamins that you take.
For more information, see:
- Warfarin: Taking Your Medicine Safely.