Treatment for chronicmitral valve regurgitation (MR) includes monitoring
your heart function and symptoms, as well as treating symptoms as they develop.
If MR becomes severe, the mitral valve will need to be repaired or replaced.
Treatment for acute MR is immediate. Medicines and
urgent surgery are usually needed.
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Treatment depends on whether
you have symptoms or complications, and how severe the regurgitation is.
Monitoring. If you don't have
symptoms and you only have mild-to-moderate regurgitation, your doctor may only
monitor your heart and valve function with an
The echocardiogram uses
painless ultrasound waves to check how well your heart is pumping blood (ejection fraction) and to measure the size of your
left ventricle. The smaller the ejection fraction, the harder your heart must
work to pump a sufficient volume of blood.
Medicine. Your doctor may prescribe
medicines to relieve symptoms or treat complications. For more information, see Medications.
Surgery. Valve repair or replacement surgery might be recommended if:1
Initial treatment for acute MR
includes medicines as needed to stabilize your condition.
If medicines don't help, an
intra-aortic balloon pump may be used for a short time to help circulate blood and ease the workload on your heart. Surgery is done immediately to replace or repair the valve.