Treatment for chronicmitral valve regurgitation (MR) includes monitoring your heart function and symptoms. It may include treating symptoms as they develop. If another heart problem has caused the regurgitation, you will get treatment for that heart problem. If MR becomes severe, the mitral valve may need to be repaired or replaced.
Treatment for acute MR is immediate. Medicines and urgent surgery are usually needed.
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Treatment depends on whether you have primary MR or secondary MR. It also depends on if you have symptoms or complications and how severe the regurgitation is.
Monitoring. If you don't have symptoms and you only have mild-to-moderate regurgitation, your doctor may only monitor your heart and valve function with an echocardiogram. You will see your doctor regularly. How often you get this test depends on the severity of regurgitation. For more information, see Exams and Tests.
Medicine. Your doctor may prescribe medicines to treat complications or treat the heart problem that caused the mitral regurgitation. For more information, see Medications.
Surgery. Surgery may be done to repair or replace the mitral valve. For more information, see Surgery.
Initial treatment for acute MR includes medicines as needed to stabilize your condition. If medicines don't help, an intra-aortic balloon pump may be used for a short time to help circulate blood and ease the workload on your heart. Surgery may be done immediately to replace or repair the valve.
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WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
August 08, 2014
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