Treatment for chronicmitral valve regurgitation (MR) includes monitoring
your heart function and symptoms, as well as treating symptoms as they develop.
If MR becomes severe, the mitral valve will need to be repaired or replaced.
Treatment for acute MR is immediate. Medicines and
urgent surgery are usually needed.
If you have an irregular heartbeat (called an arrhythmia), your doctor might suggest a treatment called cardioversion to help get your heart back into a normal rhythm.
If your heart beats too fast or unevenly, it can be dangerous. Your heart may not be pumping enough blood to meet your body's needs. An irregular heartbeat also can lead to a stroke or a heart attack.
Treatment depends on whether
you have symptoms or complications, and how severe the regurgitation is.
Monitoring. If you don't have
symptoms and you only have mild-to-moderate regurgitation, your doctor may only
monitor your heart and valve function with an
The echocardiogram uses
painless ultrasound waves to check how well your heart is pumping blood (ejection fraction) and to measure the size of your
left ventricle. The smaller the ejection fraction, the harder your heart must
work to pump a sufficient volume of blood.
Medicine. Your doctor may prescribe
medicines to relieve symptoms or treat complications. For more information, see Medications.
Surgery. Valve repair or replacement surgery might be recommended if:1
Initial treatment for acute MR
includes medicines as needed to stabilize your condition.
If medicines don't help, an
intra-aortic balloon pump may be used for a short time to help circulate blood and ease the workload on your heart. Surgery is done immediately to replace or repair the valve.
In this article
This information is produced and provided by the National
Institute (NCI). The information in this topic may have changed since it was written. For the most current information, contact the National
Institute via the Internet web site at http://
.gov or call 1-800-4-CANCER.
WebMD Medical Reference from Healthwise
March 12, 2014
This information is not intended to replace the advice of a doctor.
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