Maybe you walk less than you used to because of "muscle aches" in your legs. Or you've had a sore on your foot that seemed to take forever to heal. Perhaps you've also heard you have "poor circulation."
These are the sneaky symptoms of peripheral artery disease, or PAD, which affect 8 million Americans. Peripheral artery disease narrows arteries in the legs, limiting blood flow to your muscles. It can take you by surprise, causing no symptoms at all -- or symptoms you may think are something else...
Look for swelling that can be a sign of too much fluid in your body.
echocardiogram is used to find out if you have mitral
valve stenosis and to see how bad it is. Your doctor can check your heart valve and take pictures of your heart.
In transesophageal echocardiography, a device is inserted down your throat and into
your esophagus to make pictures of your heart. This may be done if your doctor wants to see a different view of your heart.
You will likely have regular echocardiograms so your
doctor can keep track of any changes in your condition. Your doctor may recommend an echocardiogram every year if you have severe
stenosis, every 1 to 2 years if you have moderate stenosis, or every 3 to 5 years if you have mild stenosis.1
Electrocardiogram is used to measure the electrical
activity in the heart. Small metal discs called electrodes are attached to your
chest, arms, and legs. The electrodes are connected to a machine that
translates the electrical activity into line tracings on paper. Your doctor looks at the tracings to check for problems.
chest X-ray may show evidence of mitral valve
stenosis. The test may show enlargement of the upper left heart chamber (left atrium) or the
pulmonary arteries. Calcium deposits on the heart valves
sometimes may be seen, especially if the buildup is
Cardiac catheterization is usually done before any surgery for mitral valve
stenosis to evaluate your heart, the degree of stenosis, and the health of your coronary arteries. Knowing the condition of the
coronary arteries may affect later treatment decisions for stenosis.