Anticoagulants. If you have atrial fibrillation, had surgery to replace or repair your heart valve, or have a mechanical heart valve, you might take an anticoagulant. These medicines help prevent dangerous blood clots.
Heart failure medicines. If you have heart failure, you may take medicines that relieve your symptoms and slow down how quickly heart failure gets worse. These medicines help lower
your blood pressure, reduce fluid buildup, and help your heart to not work so hard.
Antibiotics. If you have an
artificial valve, you may need to take
antibiotics before you have certain
dental or surgical procedures. You will likely take antibiotics
after surgery to repair or replace a valve. If you
have had rheumatic fever, you may take antibiotics to avoid getting it again.