Medicines are often used to relieve the
symptoms and prevent complications of
mitral valve stenosis. Usually they are also
prescribed after surgery to repair or replace the valve.
Diuretics ("water pills") reduce fluid buildup and
related swelling. They may also lower blood pressure in the upper left heart
chamber (left atrium) and relieve breathing problems.
Medicines used to treat complications
Heart rate or rhythm medicines. If you have an arrhythmia, such as atrial fibrillation, you may have medicine to lower your heart rate or keep it regular.
Anticoagulants. If you have atrial fibrillation, had surgery to replace or repair your heart valve, or have a mechanical heart valve, you might take an anticoagulant. These medicines help prevent dangerous blood clots.
Heart failure medicines. If you have heart failure, you may take medicines that relieve your symptoms and slow down how quickly heart failure gets worse. These medicines help lower
your blood pressure, reduce fluid buildup, and help your heart to not work so hard.
Antibiotics. If you have an
artificial valve, you may need to take
antibiotics before you have certain
dental or surgical procedures. You will likely take antibiotics
after surgery to repair or replace a valve. If you
have had rheumatic fever, you may take antibiotics to avoid getting it again.