Heart Disease Medicine: How Can It Help You?
Angiotensin Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitors (ARNIs)
This is a new class of drug approved in 2015. Entresto (sacubitril/valsartan), a combination of a neprilysin inhibitor and ARB, has been found to reduce both the risk of death as well as hospitalization in general for those suffering from chronic heart failure. This medication helps in these ways:
- Allows your heart to pump blood more efficiently
- Helps your heart beat more steadily
- Makes heart beat more slowly
- Lowers blood pressure
- Relieves chest pain
- Reduces stress on the heart
Side effects for this drug includes:
- Low blood pressure
- High blood potassium levels
- Kidney impairment
Cholesterol-lowering drugs can:
Cholesterol-lowering drugs work in a variety of ways to improve heart health. Some change the way the liver processes cholesterol and fat. Others affect the way your body digests nutrients. Still others prevent cholesterol from flowing through your blood vessels.
Your doctor may prescribe one or a combination of cholesterol-lowering drugs. Examples include:
Combined Alpha- and Beta-Blockers
This type of heart disease medication helps lower blood pressure. It does this by slowing your heart rate and reducing nerve impulses that tell vessels to tighten.
Examples of combined alpha- and beta-blockers include carvedilol (Coreg) and labetolol (Normodyne, Trandate).
This type of heart disease medicine can be helpful in these cases:
Digitalis drugs work by making your heart beat stronger and can help slow down heart rate. Digoxin (Lanoxin, Digox) is one example of a digitalis drug.
Diuretics are often called "water pills." Diuretics can help your heart in these ways:
- Lower blood pressure
- Reduce swelling from extra fluid buildup throughout your body
- Relieve the heart's workload