Heart Attack Risk Rises in Hours After Angry Outburst: Study
Absolute risk from any one episode remains very small, but the danger is there, experts say
By Robert Preidt
MONDAY, March 3, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- A new study might supply another reason to keep your cool under stress. Researchers say angry outbursts may raise your odds for a heart attack or stroke in the hours after the incident.
The investigators were quick to point out that the absolute risk to any one person of a having heart trouble after an outburst remains very low. However, the review of multiple studies found that the risk did rise considerably compared to periods of calm.
"It is not surprising that such an association is seen since we know that anger is associated with increased reaction of the body's nervous system to stress," said one expert, Dr. Sripal Bangalore, associate professor of medicine at NYU Langone Medical Center in New York City.
This unhealthy reaction includes "increases in heart rate and blood pressure -- both of which can have immediate adverse consequences," said Bangalore, who was not involved in the new study.
In the study, researchers analyzed the findings of nine studies conducted between 1966 and 2013 that included more than 4,500 cases of heart attack, 462 cases of acute coronary syndrome (an umbrella term that includes heart attack or angina), more than 800 cases of stroke and more than 300 cases of heart rhythm problems.
Within two hours of an angry outburst, a person's risk of heart attack or acute coronary syndrome increased nearly five-fold, their risk of stroke rose nearly four-fold and their risk of a dangerous heart rhythm disorder called ventricular arrhythmia also rose, the researchers found.
The risk was highest among people who got angry more often and had existing risk factors such as prior heart problems, according to the findings, which were published online March 3 in the European Heart Journal.
In the study, the team led by Elizabeth Mostofsky, an instructor at the Harvard School of Public Health, said because outbursts of anger are relatively rare and the effect seems to be transient, "the impact on an individual's absolute risk of a cardiovascular event is small."
But certain people might be at higher risk, Mostofsky added.
"Although the risk of experiencing an acute [heart] event with any single outburst of anger is relatively low, the risk can accumulate for people with frequent episodes of anger," she said in a journal news release. "This is particularly important for people who have higher risk due to other underlying risk factors or those who have already had a heart attack, stroke or diabetes."
"For example, a person without many risk factors for [heart] disease who has only one episode of anger per month has a very small additional risk, but a person with multiple risk factors or a history of heart attack or stroke, and who is frequently angry, has a much higher absolute excess risk accumulated over time," she said.