Aortogram (angiogram): A catheter is inserted into an artery in the groin and advanced into the aorta. Injected contrast material allows X-rays to make an image of the aorta on a screen.
Abdominal ultrasound: A probe placed on the abdomen uses sound waves to make an image. Abdominal aortic aneurysms can be detected and measured to estimate the risk of rupture.
Computed tomography (CT scan): A CT scanner uses X-rays and a computer to create images of the aorta and surrounding structures.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI scan): An MRI scanner uses radio waves inside a magnetic field to generate images of the aorta.
Transthoracic echocardiogram: A probe placed on the chest projects ultrasound waves off the aorta and heart. The breastbone (sternum) obstructs clear ultrasound views of the aorta during transthoracic echocardiograms.
Transesophageal echocardiogram: An ultrasound probe on the end of a flexible tube is advanced through the mouth down the esophagus. Transesophageal echocardiograms allow better views of the first part of the aorta.
Aortic aneurysm repair: When aortic aneurysms reach a certain size, surgery may be needed to prevent rupture. This is usually done through an incision in the abdomen.
Aorta grafting (endograft): A damaged part of the aorta may be surgically replaced or reinforced with synthetic mesh.
Aortic valve replacement: A damaged aortic valve may be surgically replaced, usually for aortic stenosis. The new aortic valve may be man-made or come from a pig
Aorta surgery: In cases of aortic aneurysm, dissection, or coarctation, part of the aorta may need to be surgically removed. A surgeon reconnects the cut edges directly or with a graft.