What is heart-healthy eating?
A heart-healthy eating plan is full of foods that can lower your risk of heart disease, heart attack, and stroke. This plan can help you stay at a healthy weight and manage cholesterol and blood pressure. It is part of a heart-healthy lifestyle that includes regular activity and not smoking.
You can choose from several eating plans to keep your heart healthy. They include the American Heart Association diet, DASH diet, Mediterranean diet, and MyPlate plan.
Heart-healthy eating is for everyone. It is not just for people who have heart problems or who are at a high risk for heart problems. Heart-healthy eating focuses on adding more healthy foods to your plan and cutting back on foods that aren't so good for you.
If you already have heart or blood vessel problems, such as high cholesterol or high blood pressure, specific eating plans can help you manage those problems.
A few simple ideas
- Eat more fruits and vegetables and other
- Choose foods that are low in saturated fat, trans
fat, and cholesterol.
- Eat at least two servings of fish each week. Oily fish, which contain
omega-3 fatty acids, are best. These fish include salmon,
mackerel, lake trout, herring, and sardines. If you cannot eat fish, you can also get omega-3 fats from omega-3 eggs, walnuts, flax seeds, and canola oil.
- Limit sodium, alcohol, and sugar.
American Heart Association diet
The American Heart Association publishes heart-healthy diet guidelines for all adults and for children older than age 2.
To put these guidelines into action, see:
- Heart Disease: Eating a Heart-Healthy Diet.
The DASH diet is a good choice for people who have high blood pressure. DASH stands for Dietary
Approaches to Stop Hypertension. Hypertension is high blood pressure.
For help with the DASH diet, see:
- High Blood Pressure: Using the DASH Diet.
To learn more, see a sample menu for the DASH diet.
Dietary Guidelines for Americans
With the Dietary Guidelines for Americans plan, you enjoy your food but eat less. This plan recommends eating lots of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and low-fat or nonfat dairy products. You limit or avoid saturated fats, trans fats, and added sugars. These guidelines are from the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA).
For more information, see the topic Dietary Guidelines for Good Health.
The Mediterranean diet can also help
It emphasizes fish, fruits, vegetables, beans, high fiber breads and whole grains, nuts, and olive oil. Meats, cheese and sweets are limited.
For more information, see the topic Mediterranean Diet.
How do you choose a diet?
With so many different food plans and health
tips, it can be confusing to know what's best for you and your heart.
A chart that compares heart-healthy diets(What is a PDF document?) can help you see what foods are suggested in each plan.