Heartburn is that awful burning sensation in your chest or throat, usually when acid rises up from your stomach. Heartburn is always an annoyance. But if you’re like many people with heartburn, you also probably find yourself worrying from time to time. Could it be something more serious? Is there something wrong with your digestive system? Or maybe you think it’s your heart.
Even when you’re pretty sure it’s heartburn, it can be hard to know what to do. Should you take an antacid, schedule an appointment to see your doctor, or call 911?
For most people, heartburn is a treatable symptom. Frequent heartburn may indicate acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux disease, also known as GERD. When treatment doesn't work and heartburn is severe despite lifestyle changes, surgery may be an option. It may also be an option if GERD causes other medical problems. Minimally invasive procedures using endoscopy are also available to treat acid reflux.
Here’s information you can use to know what to do the next time heartburn gives you that burning feeling.
What Is Heartburn?
Heartburn, also called acid indigestion, is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux (GERD). It can occur when acid or other contents from your stomach "back up" into the esophagus. That’s the tube food passes through going from your mouth to your stomach.
The problem stems from a muscle that may be weak or may relax at inappropriate times. It’s called the lower esophageal sphincter or LES, and it’s located between your stomach and your esophagus. If it doesn't close quickly enough, it can’t prevent the acid backwash. That results in heartburn.
When acid reflux is frequent, you may have a condition called GERD, or gastroesophageal reflux disease.
How Do You Know If It’s Heartburn or Your Heart?
If you're trying to figure out if it's just heartburn from GERD -- which by itself is rarely life-threatening -- pay attention to any other symptoms. That’s the advice of Peter Galier, MD, an internal medicine specialist at Santa Monica UCLA Medical Center and Orthopaedic Hospital in Santa Monica, Calif. He is also an assistant professor of medicine at the University of California Los Angeles.
Galier typically asks patients who complain of heartburn these three questions:
Are you sweaty?
Do you have palpitations?
Are you short of breath?
If any of those symptoms occur with the heartburn, Galier says, you should see a physician and make sure it is not heart-related.