The main symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an uncomfortable feeling of burning, warmth, heat, or pain just behind the breastbone, a feeling commonly referred to as heartburn. Sometimes heartburn can feel like the chest pain of a heart attack.
Call 911 or other emergency services immediately if:
To help prevent symptoms of a hiatal hernia:
Wear loose clothing. Anything that presses on the stomach can aggravate hiatal hernia symptoms.
When your stomach is full, avoid bending over or lying down. This increases abdominal pressure and makes heartburn more likely.
Do not bend over or lie down for two to three hours after eating.
Raise the head of the bed six to eight inches by using wooden blocks under the bedposts.
To help prevent hiatal hernia:
Maintain a healthy...
Have occurred frequently over several years and are only partially relieved with lifestyle changes and nonprescription medicines that reduce or block acid.
Watchful waiting is a wait-and-see approach. Occasional mild heartburn can often be relieved by making lifestyle changes and taking nonprescription medicines that reduce or block acid. Contact a doctor if you have any of the symptoms listed above.
Who to see
The following health professionals can evaluate symptoms of GERD:
You may be referred to a doctor who specializes in diseases of the digestive tract (gastroenterologist) to check severe GERD symptoms or to get an opinion on whether surgery is needed. If you are thinking about having surgery, you may also be referred to a general surgeon who has experience treating stomach and esophagus problems.