Understanding Hepatitis -- Diagnosis and Treatment How Do I Know If I Have Hepatitis?
hepatitis, such as hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis A (HAV), is diagnosed by your symptoms, a physical exam, and blood tests. Someties imaging studies such as a sonogram or CAT scan and a liver biopsy are also used. Hepatitis: Who's at Risk?
Recommended Related to Hepatitis
Living With Hepatitis C
Most people are surprised to learn they have hepatitis C. Many people believe they were never at risk for acquiring this virus, so they cannot imagine how they contracted it. Other people have a definable risk factor, such as a history of intravenous drug use, but feel that it occurred such a long time ago that it has no relevance. And some people do not know exactly how they contracted it. In fact, the CDC now recommends that all baby boomers – those born between 1945 and 1965 -- get tested for...
Read the Living With Hepatitis C article > >
hepatitis C, the CDC recommends that you have a blood test if any of the following is true: You have received an organ transplant or transfusion in the past. You have been notified that you received blood or an organ transplant from a donor who later tested positive for the disease You have ever injected drugs, even once many years ago You received a blood transfusion or an organ transplant before July 1992 You received a blood product used to treat clotting problems that was made before 1987 You were born between 1945 and 1965 You have had long-term kidney dialysis You have signs or symptoms of liver disease You have HIV You have a known exposure to HCV You have persistent elevations of a liver blood test called ALT (alanine aminotransferase levels)
Other people for whom
hepatitis C virus testing is indicated include: Children born to HCV-positive mothers Hospital and other health care facility workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV Public safety and emergency medical workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV
The following people who are at increased risk for contracting hepatitis B virus include:
People who received a blood or a blood-product transfusion prior to 1972 Hospital and health care workers Household members of an infected person Intravenous drugs users (both present and former users) People who have had a tattoo or a body part pierced with an infected needle Sex partners of infected people Travelers to countries where HBV is endemic People who were born to a mother infected with HBV Transplant-organ recipients who received an infected organ
The following groups of people should be screened for hepatitis B virus:
People born in areas where HBV is endemic Men who have sex with men Intravenous drug users (both present and former users) Dialysis patients HIV-infected people Pregnant women Family members, household members, and sex partners of HBV-infected people (even if sex occurred on only one occasion) People who have had more than one sex partner within 6 months
Otherwise, routine screening for hepatitis typically is not recommended unless you have symptoms or signs (such as abnormal
liver-related blood tests) of the condition.