Understanding Hepatitis -- Diagnosis and Treatment
How Do I Know If I Have Hepatitis?
hepatitis, such as hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis A (HAV), is diagnosed by your symptoms, a physical exam, blood tests, and other studies, such as FibroSure. Sometimes imaging studies such as a sonogram or CAT scan and a liver biopsy are also used.
Hepatitis: Who's at Risk?
Recommended Related to Hepatitis
Hepatitis C and Other Health Conditions
People with another form of hepatitis, HIV, hemophilia, kidney disease, and diabetes have a higher rate of infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) than the general population. Some conditions share a common transmission route with HCV, such as other viruses, hepatitis B, and HIV. In addition, HCV can be acquired as the result of a blood transfusion or organ transplant given to treat a disease like hemophilia or kidney disease.
In some cases, the increased rate of HCV is unexplained. A recent...
Read the Hepatitis C and Other Health Conditions article > >
hepatitis C, the CDC recommends that you have a blood test if any of the following is true:
You have received an
organ transplant or transfusion in the past. You have been notified that you received
blood or an organ transplant from a donor who later tested positive for the disease You have ever injected
drugs, even once many years ago You received a blood transfusion or an
organ transplant before July 1992 You received a blood product used to treat clotting problems that was made before 1987
You were born between 1945 and 1965
You have had long-term
kidney dialysis You have signs or symptoms of
liver disease You have
HIV You have a known exposure to HCV
You have persistent elevations of a
liver blood test called ALT ( alanine aminotransferase levels)
Other people for whom
hepatitis C virus testing is indicated include:
Children born to HCV-positive mothers
Hospital and other
health care facility workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV Public safety and emergency medical workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV
The following people who are at increased risk for contracting hepatitis B virus include:
People who received a blood or a blood-product transfusion prior to 1972
health care workers Household members of an infected person
Intravenous drugs users (both present and former users)
People who have had a tattoo or a body part pierced with an infected needle
Sex partners of infected people Travelers to countries where HBV is endemic
People who were born to a mother infected with HBV
Transplant-organ recipients who received an infected organ
The following groups of people should be screened for hepatitis B virus:
People born in areas where HBV is endemic
Men who have
sex with men Intravenous drug users (both present and former users)
Pregnant women Family members, household members, and sex partners of HBV-infected people (even if sex occurred on only one occasion)
People who have had more than one sex partner within 6 months
Otherwise, routine screening for hepatitis typically is not recommended unless you have symptoms or signs (such as abnormal
liver-related blood tests) of the condition.