Understanding Hepatitis -- Diagnosis and Treatment How Do I Know If I Have Hepatitis?
hepatitis, such as hepatitis C (HCV), hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis A (HAV), is diagnosed by your symptoms, a physical exam, and blood tests. Someties imaging studies such as a sonogram or CAT scan and a liver biopsy are also used. Hepatitis: Who's at Risk?
hepatitis C, the CDC recommends that you have a blood test if any of the following is true: You have received an organ transplant or transfusion in the past. You have been notified that you received blood or an organ transplant from a donor who later tested positive for the disease You have ever injected drugs, even once many years ago You received a blood transfusion or an organ transplant before July 1992 You received a blood product used to treat clotting problems that was made before 1987 You were born between 1945 and 1965 You have had long-term kidney dialysis You have signs or symptoms of liver disease You have HIV You have a known exposure to HCV You have persistent elevations of a liver blood test called ALT (alanine aminotransferase levels)
Other people for whom
hepatitis C virus testing is indicated include: Children born to HCV-positive mothers Hospital and other health care facility workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV Public safety and emergency medical workers after a needle stick or exposure to the blood of a person with HCV
The following people who are at increased risk for contracting hepatitis B virus include:
People who received a blood or a blood-product transfusion prior to 1972 Hospital and health care workers Household members of an infected person Intravenous drugs users (both present and former users) People who have had a tattoo or a body part pierced with an infected needle Sex partners of infected people Travelers to countries where HBV is endemic People who were born to a mother infected with HBV Transplant-organ recipients who received an infected organ
The following groups of people should be screened for hepatitis B virus:
People born in areas where HBV is endemic Men who have sex with men Intravenous drug users (both present and former users) Dialysis patients HIV-infected people Pregnant women Family members, household members, and sex partners of HBV-infected people (even if sex occurred on only one occasion) People who have had more than one sex partner within 6 months
Otherwise, routine screening for hepatitis typically is not recommended unless you have symptoms or signs (such as abnormal
liver-related blood tests) of the condition.