People who become infected with
hepatitis B virus (HBV) may remain infected for the
rest of their lives (chronic carriers). Chronic carriers of hepatitis B can
spread the virus to others and are at risk for long-term liver damage.
HIV infection can speed up the rate at which liver
Most people with HIV infection who have not previously been infected
with hepatitis B should be immunized against it. The same high-risk behavior
that increases the risk of HIV infection also increases the risk of becoming
infected with hepatitis B.
Many types of hepatitis can be prevented by making informed lifestyle choices. Vaccinations are available for hepatitis A and B. Adequate sanitation and clean personal habits will help reduce the spread of hepatitis A and hepatitis E. In areas where sanitation is questionable, boil water. Cook all food well and peel all fruit.
Health care workers or caregivers involved in the treatment of patients with contagious forms of hepatitis should wash their hands, utensils, bedding, and clothing with soap...