People who have certain behaviors or certain jobs are at high risk for becoming infected with hepatitis B.
Job risk factors include:
Handling blood or body fluids as a routine part of your job. This includes health care workers, such as doctors, dentists, nurses, and blood and lab technicians, and students in these jobs. It also includes morticians and embalmers.
Being an employee or resident of an institution for people who have developmental disabilities.
Being an employee or inmate of a prison.
Lifestyle risk factors include:
Being born in, or spending more than 6 months in, parts of the world where hepatitis B is common or where a large number of people have been infected for a long time. Such areas include Southeast and Central Asia, the islands of the South Pacific, the Amazon River basin, the Middle East, Africa, Eastern Europe, and China.