Because hepatitis C doesn't always cause symptoms, you may not know you have the virus. Your doctor won't likely check for hepatitis C unless you have abnormal liver tests, think you've had contact with a person who is infected, or if you were born between 1945 and 1965. If you think you may have the disease, you can get a blood test.
Most people catch the hep C virus when blood from someone who has it gets into their body. This can happen if you share needles to use drugs, or get stuck by one because you work in a hospital or doctor's office. People born to a mother who has it will probably get it, too.
You can also get it from having sex with someone who has the virus. Your chances go up if you have a sexually transmitted disease, several partners, or take part in sex that's rough enough to cause bleeding.
Since July 1992, all blood and organ donations in the U.S. are tested for the hepatitis C virus. The CDC says the number of infections dropped by 90%, partially as a result of those screening tests.
What Are the Symptoms?
You can have the disease and not have symptoms for years. You may not find out you have it until your doctor does a blood test for some other reason and notices a problem with your liver enzymes. If you have chronic hepatitis C, your may notice: