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    Hepatitis Health Center

    Medical Reference Related to Hepatitis

    1. Hepatitis C - Topic Overview

      Your doctor will do a physical exam to look for signs of hepatitis C infection. The exam will include:Taking your temperature to see whether you have a fever.Feeling the upper part of your belly to see whether your liver or spleen is enlarged.Feeling the glands in your neck, under your arms, and in your groin to see whether they are swollen.Your doctor also may check for the following signs of advanced liver disease:Yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes (jaundice)Appearance of clusters of blood vessels just below the skin that look like tiny red spiders. These usually appear on the chest and shoulders.Redness on the palms of the hands caused by expansion of small blood vessels Fluid in the bellySwelling of the legs and feet Varicose veins spreading out from the navel

    2. Hepatitis B Virus Tests

      Hepatitis B virus tests look for substances in the blood that show a hepatitis infection is active, ongoing (chronic), or has occurred in the past. The tests look for antigens, antibodies, or genetic material (DNA) of the virus that causes hepatitis.

    3. Hepatitis B and C: Risk of Liver Cancer - Topic Overview

      People who are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) virus may develop a chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis. The damage that results increases the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). The risk of liver cancer may be as high as 200 times greater for people who have chronic HBV or HCV infection than for the general population. 1 If you have chronic HBV ...

    4. Hepatitis Panel - Topic Overview

      Viral hepatitis is liver inflammation caused by infection with a virus. The following viruses cause most cases of viral hepatitis: Hepatitis A virus (HAV) Hepatitis B virus (HBV) Hepatitis C virus (HCV) Hepatitis D virus (HDV) Hepatitis E virus (HEV) A virus that causes hepatitis can be spread from one person to another. Hepatitis B,C,and D viruses are spread when an uninfected person comes ...

    5. Hepatitis C - Topic Overview

      Up to 85% of people who are infected with the hepatitis C virus will develop long-term (chronic) infection.1 About 25% of people who have chronic hepatitis C will go on to develop cirrhosis—severe liver damage and scarring—after a period of about 20 years or more.2Certain factors may affect how quickly problems such as cirrhosis or liver cancer develop.The way cirrhosis develops depends on:3How much liver damage you had when you were diagnosed and how long you have had the infection. The amount of liver damage you have compared with how long you have had hepatitis C can help determine how likely it is that you will develop cirrhosis.Your age when you were infected. People who are older than 40 when they become infected may develop cirrhosis more quickly. How much alcohol you drink. People who drink too much alcohol (heavy drinking) can develop cirrhosis much more quickly than people with who do not drink or who drink very little alcohol.Your gender. Men may develop cirrhosis more

    6. Hepatitis C - Topic Overview

      Hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG) is a solution of antibodies that are able to attach to liver cells and prevent the hepatitis B virus from infecting the cells. An injection of HBIG may help prevent HBV infection if it is given within 14 days of exposure to the virus when you: Have not been immunized against HBV but have come in contact with the blood or body fluids ( semen or vaginal fluids,...

    7. Hepatitis C - Topic Overview

      During a liver transplant,your damaged liver is removed and replaced with a healthy one from an organ donor. Liver transplantation is done to treat long-term (chronic) hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection only after all other treatments have not worked,because transplanted organs can become reinfected with HBV. Recurrent infections are often severe,leading to rapid failure of the transplanted ...

    8. Hepatitis Panel - Topic Overview

      Your doctor may ask questions about your general health and lifestyle. You may feel uncomfortable answering some of these questions. But truthful answers are important to help your doctor determine whether you have or are at risk for hepatitis C infection.What are your symptoms, and how long have you had them?Do you now or did you ever share needles when injecting drugs?Do you come in contact with blood or used needles in your work?Do you live with anyone who is known to have hepatitis C?Did you ever or are you currently having your blood filtered by a machine (hemodialysis)?Do you have a blood-clotting disorder, such as hemophilia, and did you receive clotting factor concentrates before 1987? Since 1987, clotting factor concentrates have been treated to kill hepatitis C viruses (HCV). So this now is rarely a source of HCV infection.Have you ever received blood, blood products, or a solid organ (kidney, liver, or pancreas) from a donor? In 1992, screening of all blood, blood products,

    9. Hepatitis A Virus Test

      Hepatitis A virus tests detect substances in the blood that indicate a hepatitis infection is active or has occurred in the past. The test detects proteins (antibodies) made by the body in response to the virus that causes hepatitis.

    10. Hepatitis C - Topic Overview

      What is hepatitis E? Hepatitis E is a virus that can infect the liver. Unlike other forms of hepatitis,the hepatitis E virus doesn't lead to long-term illness or serious liver damage. Most people get well within a few months. How is hepatitis E spread? People usually get hepatitis E by drinking water or eating food that’s been contaminated by feces (stool) from someone infected with hepatitis ...

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