Hepatitis B and C: Risk of Liver Cancer - Topic Overview
People who are infected with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C (HCV) virus may develop a chronic infection that can lead to cirrhosis. The damage that results increases the risk of liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma). The risk of liver cancer may be as high as 200 times greater for people who have chronic HBV or HCV infection than for the general population. 1 If you have chronic HBV ...
Protect Yourself From Hepatitis A When Traveling - Topic Overview
Immunization against the hepatitis A virus (HAV) is recommended for anyone traveling to any country or area except : 1 Australia. Canada. Japan. New Zealand. The United States. Western Europe and the Scandinavian countries (Norway,Sweden,and Finland). Talk to your doctor before visiting any other areas. If you plan to travel to a part of the world where sanitation is poor or where ...
Hepatitis B Viral DNA - Topic Overview
The hepatitis B virus contains DNA. If DNA from the hepatitis B virus is found in your blood sample,then your doctor knows that the virus is multiplying. You are contagious when HBV DNA is present. The higher the level of HBV DNA,the more contagious you are. If you have a long-term (chronic) HBV infection,the presence of high levels of viral DNA means that you are at increased risk for ...
Hepatitis A - Frequently Asked Questions
Learning about hepatitis A: What is hepatitis A? What are the types of viral hepatitis? What is fulminant hepatitis? What is cholestatic hepatitis? Being diagnosed: What is the test for antibodies to the hepatitis A virus? Getting treatment: What is immunoglobulin,and how can it prevent infection? Preventing hepatitis A: What's the simplest way to avoid hepatitis A? Who should get the hepatitis ...
Combination Vaccine for Hepatitis A and B
Drug details for Combination vaccine for hepatitis A and B.
Hepatitis C Genotypes - Topic Overview
Six major strains (genotypes) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) cause infection. You may be infected with more than one genotype at a time.Genotype 1 is the most common strain in the United States.Genotypes 1, 2, and 3 are found worldwide.Genotype 4 is found throughout northern Africa.Genotype 5 commonly is found in South Africa.Genotype 6 is common in Asia.Genotype testing is done with a blood test.How genotype affects treatmentAlthough genotype tests are not used to diagnose HCV infection, they may be done before treatment begins. Knowing the genotype may help a doctor choose the best treatment plan. You should know your genotype before treatment starts.Antiviral medicines are more likely to work for people who have genotype 2 or 3. If blood tests show that you have responded to antiviral therapy (the virus is not detected in your blood) after 6 months, treatment may be:Continued for another 6 months, if you are infected with genotype 1.Stopped, if you are infected with genotype 2 or
Hepatitis B Virus Tests
Hepatitis B virus tests look for substances in the blood that show a hepatitis infection is active, ongoing (chronic), or has occurred in the past. The tests look for antigens, antibodies, or genetic material (DNA) of the virus that causes hepatitis.
Immunoglobulin (IG) for Hepatitis A
Drug details for Immune globulin (IG) for hepatitis A.
Hepatitis C Tests
WebMD describes the various tests used to diagnose a hepatitis C infection and the amount of damage to the liver.
Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors (NRTIs) for Chronic Hepatitis B
Drug details for Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) for chronic hepatitis B.